THE CHANGING ROLES OF THE SECRETARY IN THE ICT ERA: PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS
The paper investigates the changing roles of the secretary in the ICT era problems and prospects. The introduction of modern technologies and programmes has lessened the onerous tasks for the modern secretary. These range from production, reproduction, storage and retrieval among others. With this advancement of technology, the use of the computer and software programmes facilitates the work of the professional secretary. These include the use of machines such as a printer, fax, pen drive, cell phones, photocopier, telex and the internet. These requisite knowledge and skills make the position of the secretary rather challenging. With the improvement in technology and recent development in office, it is envisaged that the work of the secretary will be easier. However, these new developments brought by technological challenges require even more knowledge and skills beyond being a professional secretary. The major objectives of the paper are: to assess information communication and examine the problems faced to the modern secretary and the prospects the secretary is expected to meet with, To examine the changing roles of the secretary in the ICT era, etc.
Concerning methodology, primary and secondary sources of data were used for the study. Data were analyzed and represented in frequency tables and percentages. Key findings from the study showed that ICT has improved the roles of the secretary and it facilitates malleable documents as the secretary can edit, delete or correct any error that arrives in his/her task without leaving a trace of the corrections.
Recommendations for the study include; the organization should try as much as possible to the allowed the secretary to be operating ICT equipment’s available in the organization so as to acquaint the secretary with the opportunity to know all the types of equipment.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
Title Page - - - - - - - - - i
Approval Page - - - - - - - - ii
Declaration - - - - - - - - iii
Dedication - - - - - - - - - iv
Acknowledgement - - - - - - - v
Abstract - - - - - - - - - vi
Table of Contents - - - - - - - vii
CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background of the Study - - - - -
1.2 Objective of the Study - - - - - -
1.3 Statement of General Problem - - - -
1.4 Research Questions - - - - - -
1.5 Scope of the study- - - - - - -
1.7 Significance of the Study - - - - -
1.7 Historical background - - - - -
1.8 Definition of Terms - - - - - -
CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE
2.0 INTRODUCTION- - - - - - - - - -
2.1 THE SECRETARY- - - - - - - - - -
2.2 QUALITIES OF A SECRETARY- - - - - - - -
2.3 DUTIES OF A SECRETARY- - - - - - - - -
2.4 INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY (ICT)- - - -
2.5 BASIC EQUIPMENTS OF INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY
2.6 PROBLEM FACING A SECRETARIES IN THE ICT- - - - -
2.7 PROSPECT OF SECRETARIES IN THE INFORMATION COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY - - - - - - - - -
CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.2 POPULATION- - - - - - - -
3.3 SAMPLE- - - - - - - - -
3.4 INSTRUMENT USED FOR DATA COLLECTION- - - -
3.5 METHOD OF ADMINISTRATION OF QUESTIONNAIRE/ADMINISTRATION OF INSTRUMENT- - - - - - - -
3.6 METHOD DATA ANALYSIS/INTERPRETATION PROCEDURE- -
CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.0 Introduction - - - - - - - - -
4.1 Data Presentation and Analysis - - - - - -
4.2 Data Analysis - - - - - - - - -
4.3 Testing Hypothesis - - - - - - - -
4.4 Summary of Findings - - - - - - - -
4.5 Discussion of Findings - - - - - - -
CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
5.0 Introduction - - - - - - - - -
5.1 Summary - - - - - - - - - -
5.2 Conclusion - - - - - - - - - -
5.3 Recommendations - - - - - - - -
References - - - - - - - - - -
Appendix - - - - - - - - -
In the early days, the secretarial profession was limited to typing, writing and transcribing of shorthand only. But today, it is far beyond this, it involved functions as sorting and retrieving of information passing on information and so on with the help of manual electronic equipment. A secretary assistance to an executive, possessing mastery of office skills and ability to assume responsibilities without direct supervision who display initiative, exercises judgment and makes decision within the scope of his/her authority. The secretary also handles more office jobs, makes and takes decision on behalf of his/her organization. But because of the aforementioned about information communication technology, there are controversies about the future of the secretary in information communication technology.
The term information communication technology was first widely employed in 1981 to describe the equipment and system, which were being introduced in both private and public sectors, to create, store and distribute information since, then, the term has abbreviated to (I.C.T.).
The key feature of modern technology is its ability to deal with information in one form or the other. Trend has been towards using ways of interconnecting the various types of equipments so as to integrate their functions and manage them effectively. Underpinning the definition of “ICT” lies on the modern which provides a helpful explanation of the way in which computers process information.
Information communication technology as the broadly based technology needed to support information systems, which many people today refers to as computer equipment, which aids to increase profit margin and enhance planning, and organization by the use of very fast, accurate and flexible devices in the business society. Efficiency in offices many people believe, is a vital factor in the well being of an organization as it can affect productivity.
The objective is to assess information communication and examine the problems faced to the modern secretary and the prospects the secretary is expected to meet with. The specific objectives are:
i. To examine the changing roles of the secretary in the ICT era.
ii. To access the problem and threats of information communication technology to the secretarial profession.
iii. To highlight the challenges posed by the emerge of ICT to a secretary.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The skill level and functioning of the traditional secretary involve greater physical and mental ability. The introduction of modern technologies and programmes has lessened the onerous tasks for the modern secretary. These range from production, reproduction, storage and retrieval among others.
With this advancement of technology, the use of the computer and software programmes facilitates the work of the professional secretary. These include the use of machines such as printer, fax, pen drive, cell phones, photo copier, telex and internet. These requisite knowledge and skills make the position of the secretary rather challenging. With the improvement in technology and recent development in office, it is envisaged that the work of the secretary will be easier. However, these new developments brought by technological challenges require even more knowledge and skills beyond being a professional secretary. For the secretary to be abreast with the changing times, face the challenges and overcome the old ways of doing things she or he needs training requirements in recent times to help meet organizational objectives.
1.3 RESEARCH QUESTION
1. Who is a secretary in the information communication technology era?
2. What are the positive and negative effect information communication technology has on the roles of a secretary.
3. What are the problems and the prospects of a secretary in the information communication technology era?
4. What threats does information communication technology pose to the secretary in an organization in this era?
5. What effect has information communication technology on the secretarial profession?
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
This works covers “the changing roles of the secretary in an ICT era and it is restricted to first bank, oceanic bank and intercontinental bank plc.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In the course of carrying out this work, certain factors served as time, enough capital, inadequate text books, and as a result of other academic activities going on.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of the study has risen from the researcher’s realization of the problem facing a secretary in the information communication technology at first bank, oceanic and interconnected bank plcKauraNamodabranch,ZamfaraState the researcher also realized the prospects of a secretary in the information communication technology. This research work will be valuable assets to government policy makers on privatization and contributing to the successful up-lifting of secretaries in information communication technology.
1.7 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND
1.7.1 First Bank of Nigeria Plc
Sometime in 1891 it become apparent that banking facilities were urgently required in West Africa and especially in Lagos. Elder Dempster and Co. were approached in 1892, the Bank of British West Africa was announced but it was a little more than a department of elder Dempster and Co. housed in its offices and managed by its agents.
To reflect the majority shareholding and the fact that it was the “pioneer” bank in the country, First Bank of Nigeria assumed its present name in 1977 under the umbrella of that first bank of KauraNamoda was brought into existence in the year 1970 to meet the growing need of the people. The Kaura chapter was established as a result of growing trade and farm product like groundnut, beans and cotton, so as to safeguard the money of traders from robbers and to encourage low income earners to save as civilization increased, the bank began expanding with different kind of services render to customers as modern banking system.
Prior to the establishment of first bank in KauraNamoda some of the indigenes who have careless attitude towards banking operation was revived and thus most of them developed some interest in the banking activities.
The bank is currently one of the best in the community and does not intend to rest on past glories and to cope with contemporary and future challenges. Their activities.
⦁ Accepting deposit
⦁ Granting of loan
1.7.2 Oceanic Bank International PlcKauraNamoda
The bank was formerly known as International Trust Bank. The bank was established here in KauraNamoda on the 6th of February 2006. presently, there are 20 staff in the bank. It is situated at SahabiLiman House 1004 flats KauraNamoda.
Oceanic Bank International Plc is one of the branch out of the 134 branches over the country. Oceanic Bank was incorporated on March 26, 1990 as a private limited liability company with 100% equity ownership by Nigerians citizens and licensed on April 10, 1990 to carry on commercial banking.
Oceanic Bank International Plc is therefore a sixteen years old commercial bank with business offices located in several parts of Nigeria, the bank is one of the largest in Nigeria, her financial year runs from October 1 to September 30 of the subsequent year.
Oceanic banks impressive performance over the years accounts for the quality of its customers port folio which includes corporate organizations, high network individuals, the federal government and some state governments, to enhance response, time relationship management units. Staff in each sector have profound knowledge of the various industries and are therefore able to respond to customers peculiar needs.
1.7.3 Intercontinental Bank PlcKauraNamoda
It began operation in Nigeria as a merchant bank in 1989, it has progressed through the Nigeria economy and became a commercial bank in 1999 with the acquisition of other three banks.
Intercontinental became a universal bank in 2000, one of the very version of the bank is to become the number one financial institution in Nigeria and Africa. In is event to achieve this, expansion is inevitable, hence intercontinental bank KauraNamoda considering the commercial and academic nature of KauraNamoda.
It began operation with a total of 25 staffs which comprises of both officer and support staff. The branch has risen from zero (0) customer to about 2,850 customers, which enjoy various products of the branch today these product ranges from
⦁ Saving account
⦁ Intercontinental premium saving account (IPSA)
⦁ Current account
⦁ Salary account
⦁ Happy save for children
1.8 DEFINITION OF KEY TERMS
Secretary - Secretary is some one who has a sound general education and has passed through a prescribed programme of training in the field of secretarial training with appropriate skills.
Information - This is a facts or details about something
Communication Communication is the process of passing information from one person to another
Technology This is the use of mechanical art and applied science to get information and disseminated the information.
Word processor is application package that cvan be used to create, prepare, store and produce or store document such as letters, memo, invitation cards, minutes, formal and informal documents for private or commercial usage.
Prospect Possibility that something which you have farm will happen soon
Problems A thing that is difficult to deal with or to understand.
SUMMARY CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS
In summary, from the research work “The Changing Roles of the Secretary in the ICT Era, Problems and Prospects”. The researcher was able to find out that the introduction of ICT has affect the roles of secretary in an organization. The organization visited are the case study that is First Bank, Oceanic Bank and Intercontinental Bank Plc.
In chapter one, the general aspect of the subject matter was discussed, the researcher was able to find out that secretary’s roles in the above named organization has changed as a result of the advancement in the ICT such as computer. The roles of secretary like typing, printing, mailing, etc have improve as a result of the ICT equipments.
Chapter two, talked about the aspect of this project write up as the past scholars views were reviewed. The literatures review gives the different though of the different authors.
Chapter three, I try to highlight the various procedures I implored in data collection for this research, the methodology technique use among other things are the questionnaire methods.
Chapter four present the analysis and procedures of the data collected, which simple percentage method and tables were use in analyzing the data collected.
Going through the research work on the changing roles of the secretary in the ICT Era problems and prospect, I have seen that the roles that secretary’s play in an organization have automatically change as a result of the new innovation of this gadget technology.
The researcher has found out that the ICT has improve the roles of secretary and it facilitate mailable documents as the secretary can edit, delete or correct any error that arrive in his/her task without leaving a trace of the corrections.
The researcher also finds out that despite the important of ICT to the secretary, the problem of how to operate it arise because if a secretary does not know how to operate the computer he/she may not know how to take advantage of the advancement of ICT.
Based on the research questions formulated, some facts about the secretary through the various roles they play in an orgnisation. Also based on the analysis of the research questions, the following recommendations were made:
1. The organization should try as much as possible to allowed secretary to be operating ICT equipments available in the orgnisation so as to acquaint the secretary with opportunity to know all the equipments.
2. furthermore, secretaries find it difficult to operate some of the modern equipments that can ease their work, so the organization should organized training or seminar for all their secretary in order to train them on how to operate those equipments.
3. Secretaries should not see ICT as a treating agent of unemployment rather to be seen as a agent which through only it most of the organizational objectives will be achieved..