EFFECT OF INTERNET ON CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES STUDENTS (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA)


EFFECT OF INTERNET ON CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES STUDENTS (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA)  

ABSTRACT

The study investigated the Effectof Internet On Christian Religious Studies Students in Federal College of Education, Zaria. A total number of three (3) research objectives and research questions guided the study.  The descriptive survey research design was adopted for the study. The population of the study was all the CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria. One hundred CRS students were sampled. A self-constructed questionnaire containing eighteen (18) items was used to solicit responses from the respondents. Frequency count and percentage was used to analyze the demographic data and answer the research questions. The study concluded that the internet has positive effects on students and the frequency of internet usage by CRS students is very high especially with the proliferation of smartphones It was recommended that CRS students should be given proper orientation on the educational use of internet and school authority should encourage the use of ICT especially the internet by lecturers in teaching and learning of CRS in the college. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Cover 

TITLE PAGE i

APPROVAL PAGE ii

DECLARATION iii

DEDICATION iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS v

TABLE OF CONTENTS vi

Abstract viii

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study 1

1.2 Statement of the Problem 2

1.3 Objectives of the Study 2

1.4 Research Questions 3

1.5 Scope of the Study 3

1.6 Significance of the Study 3

1.7 Operational Definition of Terms 3

CHAPTER TWO

REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.0 Introduction 5

2.1 Theoretical framework 5

2.2 History of the Internet 5

2.2.1 History of the Internet in Nigeria 13

2.3 Uses of internet by students 15

2.3.1Educational use of the internet 15

2.3.2Social uses of the internet 17

2.3.3 Recreational use of the internet 19

2.4 Effects of internet on students 20

2.4.1 Positive Effects of Internet on Students 20

2.4.2 Negative Effects of Internet on Students 24

CHAPTER THREE

METHODOLOGY

3.1 Introduction 27

3.2 Research Design 27

3.3 Population of the study 27

3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique 28

3.5 Instrumentation 28

3.6 Validation of Instrument 28

3.7 Reliability of theInstrument 28

3.8 Procedure for Data Collection 29

3.9 Procedure for Data Analysis 29

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA ANALYSIS AND PRESENTATION

4.1 Introduction 30

4.2 Data Presentation and Analysis 30

4.2.1Demographic Data 30

4..2.2Analysis of Research Questions 32

4.3 Discussion of Findings 41

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1 Summary 42

5.2 Conclusion 42

5.3 Recommendations 43

REFERENCES 45

APPENDIX 46

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1 Background to the Study

The internet is one of the greatest recent advancement in the world of information technology and has become a useful instrument that has fostered the process of making the world a global village. The use of internet has become an integral part of the daily lives of most people that are learned. Information and knowledge disseminated through the slow process of oral communications or with paper materials can now be transferred rapidly from an individual to an infinite number of users through a number of media and formats. The Internet is the fastest growing communication technology and has emerged as a major source of information that connects people, data and other computers, reducing the world to the much talked-about “global village”. It took the television revolution thirteen years (13) to reach a population of 50 million viewers, but the same number was achieved by the internet in only four years. 

Yunus and Khayal (2000) posited that if there is only one force that is transforming people's lives and that holds promise to deliver tumultuous impact in the future, it is the internet. The internet has infiltrated all aspects of human endeavor including shopping, health, banking and finance, academics, transport, etc. it has attained a level that one-minute interruption of internet connection and communication can cause global damage. Adomi (2005) noted that the Internet has profound implications for African countries such as Nigeria as it has the potential to positively impact on the social, political, educational, technological and other spheres of lives of its people. The education sector was among those that first embraced the use of Internet, and it has continued to broaden the breadth and depth of opportunities within institutions of higher learning worldwide. The internet now is like a large encyclopedia to all level of learners such that it offers the services of a library except that it has no walls. Many higher institutions on recognizing the importance of internet in the academic environment has been continuously making efforts to make internet connection accessible within their environment. Due to the development and spread of cheaper and more user-friendly computer technology and software (e.g., portable computers, Microsoft Word etc.), Handheld phones (android, windows, apple, java), the use of the Internet has increased dramatically. According to the Nigerian Communications Commission (NCC) in internetworldstats.com, Nigeria has ninety-one million, eight hundred and eighty thousand and thirty—two (91,880,032 users). It is as a result of this staggering number of users that made the researchers to study the effect of internet on students of Christian Religious Studies in Federal College of Education, Zaria.

1.2 Statement of the Problem

The internet came into existence to benefit mankind. Christian Religious Studies (CRS) students use the internet for educational, social and recreational purposes. This use has both positive and negative effect on the CRS students. Generally, the problem of the internet is the tendency of the users to become addicted to it leaving meaningful activities for the internet due to the pleasure derived from surfing the net. The negative use of the internet such as isolation of the users from reality amongst others prompted the researchers to write on the effect of the internet on CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The objective of this research is to find out the effects of internet on CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria. Specifically, the objectives of this study is to find out the 

1. The positive effects of internet on CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria. 

2. The negative effects of internet on CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria 

3. The frequency of the use of internet by CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria. 

1.4 Research Questions

The following research questions are raised to guide this study 

1. What is the frequency of internet use by CRS students in Federal College of 

Education, Zaria? 

2. What are the positive effects of internet on CRS students in Federal College of 

Education, Zaria? 

3. What are the negative effects of internet on CRS students in Federal College of Education, Zaria? 

1.5 Scope of the Study

This study investigated the effects of internet on Christian Religious Studies (CRS) students in Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna state. The respondents were randomly selected from NCE and B.Ed. students of Christian Religious Studies. 

1.6 Significance of the Study

This study will be significant to the following ways

⦁ It will enlighten school authorities on the importance of providing of internet access to students in the tertiary institutions. 

⦁ It will bring to the awareness of students in tertiary institutions the positive and negative effects of internet on students. 

⦁ It will encourage curriculum planners’ curriculum planners to incorporate use of internet in the curriculum of educational institutions.

1.7 Operational Definition of Terms

The following major terms are defined as used in this study 

Internet: a global computer network providing a variety of information and communication facilities, consisting of interconnected networks using standardized communication protocols. 

Christian Religious Studies: this refers to an in-depth study of the Christian religion 

Students: these refers to students of CRS in Federal College of Education, Zaria, Kaduna state.

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EFFECT OF INTERNET ON CHRISTIAN RELIGIOUS STUDIES STUDENTS (A CASE STUDY OF FEDERAL COLLEGE OF EDUCATION, ZARIA)



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