THE EFFECTS OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT ON THE CONTINUITY OF OPERATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FLOUR MILL NIGERIA PLC, APAPA, LAGOS)


THE EFFECTS OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT ON THE CONTINUITY OF OPERATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FLOUR MILL NIGERIA PLC, APAPA, LAGOS)  

ABSTRACT

This project work exermine the effects or inventory management on the continuity of operation buyers organization inventory management. The need for sound inventory managenment is thus vital to continue operation of business organization. The research work will consist five chapters in order to ensure easy understanding of the resaerh work.  Chapter one; this will contain introduction, historical background background of the case study problems,  objectives of the study, significance of the study, scope of the study, limitations and constraints and definition of terms. Chapter two; contain literature review. Chapter three; will highlight research methodology introduction, research design, sources of data, data collection tools, administration of data collection tools, research population and sample size, sampling procedure employed and methid of data analysis. Chapter fourl; contains presentation and analysis of data. Chapter five; will shield light on summary of findings, conclusion, recommendation and references.          

TABLE OF CONTENT

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction 1

1.3 Statement of the problem 3

CHAPTER ONE 

1.0 Introduction 

Store/inventory management is an important function in the management of an organization 

Inventory management is not related to manufacturing concern but it is also important in non-manufacturing organizations.

This point to the fact that these firms have substantial amount of working capital locked up in inventory. The level of inventory is important to the efficient operation of those firms, investment is important in inventories should be at the optimum level.

Inventory management is an important aspect to cost reduction schemes. It involves determining the degree of materials required for the best results, planning and designing of materials organization system.

Thus for the purpose of this research, inventory covers;

i. Raw materials 

ii. Work-in-progress 

iii. Finished goods 

Inventory usually forms a large population of many firms operations and effective management is therefore required for proper functioning of the normal production, selling operations of the business and for keeping the cost of holding and ordering stock to beeriest minimum

Excessive inventories vary for a long period are as loss or liquidity. Raw materials are generally difficult to sell as the holding period increases. Therefore exceptional circumstances where it may pay company to hold stock of raw materials. This is possible under the condition of inflation and scarcity.

Work-in-progress is for more difficult to sell. Similarly, difficulties may be faced when disposes of the finished goods inventories at time, another danger of carrying excess inventory is the physical determination of inventories deterioration occurs with the passage of time this could be due to mishandling and improper storage facilities. These factors are within the management and the necessary investment in inventories are not sufficient to meet the demands of customers regularly, the customers may shift to other competitors this as to loss of market to this common relevant.

1.2 Historical Background of the Study

Alhaji aliko dangote, MFR,GCON, a northerner from kano state Nigeria, was born on10th april 1957 in to a wealthy Muslim family. Who owns the Dangote group, which has interest in commodities. The company operates in Nigeria and other several countries in Africa, including Benin, Cameron, Togo, Ghana, South Africa, and Zambia. As of march 2014, he has an estimated net worth of $25 billion USD. Dangote is ranked by forbes magazines as the 23th richest person in the world and the richest in Africa. He surpassed Saudi Ethiopia billionaire Mohammed Hussein al Amoudi in 2013 by over $2.6 billion to become the world richest person in African origin.

ALHAJI ALIKO DANGOTE (born on 10 April 1957 in Kano Nigeria) is a business magnate in Nigeria. From the time he was young Dangote has an eye on business. Ha said “I can remember when I was in primary school, I would go and buy cartons of sweet (sugar boxes) and I will go start selling them just to make money.. I was so interested in business, even at that time”. He studied business at the al-Azhra university in Cairo Egypt and there after returned to Nigeria to borrow from his uncle SANUSI ABDULKADIR DANTATA, who provided him a loan of #500,000 when ALIKO was 21 years old, in order to start a business.

The Dangote group was established as a trading firm in 1977; today it is a multi-trillion naira conglomerate with many of it operator in Benin, Ghana, Nigeria, and Togo, at present Dangote has enlarge his line of business to also cover food processing, cement, manufacturing and freight. The Dangote group also dominates the sugar market in Nigeria and is a major sugar supplier to the country’s, soft drink companies, breweries and confectioners.

The Dangote has moved a trading company to being the largest industrial group in  Nigeria and these includes; Dangote sugar refinery, Dangote cement and Dangote flour, just to mention a few.

In July 2012, Dangote approach the Nigeria Ports Authority (NPA) with the idea of leasing on abandoned piece of land at the Apapa port, which was welcomed and approved. He later built facilities for his flour company there. In the 1990s he approach the central bank to allow his transport company to manage their fleet of staff buses, a proposal which was also approved.

In Nigeria today, Dangote group with his dominance in the sugar market and refinery business is the main supplier (70% of the market) to the country’s soft drinks companies, breweries and confectioners and confectioners, it is the largest refinery in African and the third largest in the world, producing 800,000 tones of sugar annually. Apart from this Dangote group owns salt factories and flour mills and is a major importer of rice, fish, pasta, cement and fertilizer, the company export cotton, cashew nuts, cocoa, sesame seed and ginger to several countries. It also has real estate, banking, transport, textile and oil and gas. The company employs over 11,000 people and is the largest industrial conglomerate in the whole of west Africa.

Dangote has diversified in to telecommunication and its building 14,000 kilometers of fiber optic cables to supply the whole of Nigeria. As a result Dangote was honored in January 2009 as the leading provider of employment in the Nigeria consultant industry.                         

1.3 Statement of the problem.

The previewing economic pressure has led to general shortage or fall in supply of raw materials. This has lead many organization embracing various management techniques to collapse. This ranges from down sizing restricting repositioning, re-engineering and so on. Most organization that cannot survive on this terrain resulted into resentment and possible total close down or collapse (chiquidations).

Many organization engages in one business or the other either to produce good or render services to customers, in doing this, they have to contented with inventory manage problems. The objectives of the research study certificate on the reprints for the award of national diploma (ND) in purchasing and supply department institute of finance and management studies (IFMS) kwara state polytechnic, Ilorin.

One of the objectives of this study is to critically evaluates and review the significance of management as practiced in Nigeria flour mills plc with a view of appraised the cost effectiveness or otherwise of such techniques that are employed.

1.4 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

The major objective of this study is to examine the importance of negotiation and its contribution in an organization as a case study of Dangote Group of Company Lagos. The primary observation of this project is to satisfy one of the basic certificates for the award Higher National Diploma (HND) in Business Administration. Moreover, the objective of the study is to:

i. Helps develop appropriate negotiation system to improve production capability

ii. To show how purchasing really contribute to the quality in an organization through their department

iii. To show its impact, to the accomplishment of the organizational goods.

iv. Negotiation helps organization to have flow in production system and production continuity.

1.5 Significance of the study 

This project is significant because it will educate the management of the case study in the need for sound inventory management in an attempt to accomplish the organizational objectives.

The study is also significant to the researcher is that it will broader her knowledge of the subject matter

Lastly the project will be very useful to other researcher now and in the future may be writing on the similar subjects.

1.6 scope of the study

This study is restricted to the Dangote flour mill Nigeria plc Apapa owing to certain limitations which will be explained in the next heading.

1.7 limitation and constrains 

In the course of this research project, the researcher encountered the following problems.

⦁ Financial problems 

⦁ Attitude of the respondents 

⦁ Time constrains 

Financial problem:- this constitutes only the major challenges encountered in the course of the study. The researcher as a student has limited financial resources as therefore could not afford to undertake a comprehensive study at the subject matter

Altitude of the respondent:- the altitude of the company’s officials towards getting certain information was very discouraging they refused to give any comments in certain areas which relating to the company on the firm ground of confiderality.

Time constraint:- the time allowed for writing and submission of the research project was strictly limited for any in-dept study on the subject.

1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Inventory:- consist of usable but idle resources. These resources may be any kind; it may include for example raw material, money or machine

Inventory management: this is the act of controlling amount of stock held in various forms with a business to ensure smooth operate materials leads in the store.

Stock levels: the basic method of controlling stock by quantity is by means of fixing for each commodity, stock levels which are noted on the stock records and subsequently used as a means of indicating when some action is necessary.

There are various kinds of stock levels, but the fundamental controls are minimum according and maximum level.

Lead time:- lead time is the time interval between when the need for stock are recognized till the time when good are sent to the delivered by the supplier.

Stock level

Maximum

Minimum

Order stock level 

Stock yard 

Stock-taking 

  Stock level:- the basic method of controlling stock by quantity is by a means of fixing for each commodity stock levels which are noted on the stock records and subsequently used as a means of indicting when some action is necessary.

Maximum stock level:- maximum stock level is the level above which stock should not normally be allowed to rise. Before it is fixed take into accounts.

Rate consumption

Leadtime necessary to obtain new delivery

Amount of capital involved and available 

Risk of deterioration or evaporation 

Storage space available e.t.c

Minimum stock level:-  minimum stock level is below which stock should not normally be allowed to fall. If stock go below or fall below this level, there is a danger of shortage of supply which may result in shortage of production or operation.

In fixing minimum level, the main factor is the effect which a run-out of stock would have upon the whole operation of the company or organization. This factor is very important in a manufacturing industry 

Re-order level:- this is between the maximum and the minimum stock level at which time is essential to initiate purchase requisites for fresh supplies of materials. This point will usually be strictly higher than the minimum stock to cover emergencies   

.

THE EFFECTS OF INVENTORY MANAGEMENT ON THE CONTINUITY OF OPERATION OF BUSINESS ORGANIZATION (A CASE STUDY OF FLOUR MILL NIGERIA PLC, APAPA, LAGOS)



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.ORG
Researchwap.org is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.org guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.org is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.org" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.