LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION AS A PANACEA FOR RURAL TRANSFORMATION


LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION AS A PANACEA FOR RURAL TRANSFORMATION 

                                                            CHAPTER 1 1.1Background to The Study

The local government is viewed as a semi-autonomous area which is formed under the constitution or general laws of a state to carry out functions within specified geographical area. Agbakoba (2004), stated that the local government is an administrative and political unit that is vested with the powers under law to govern a specified locality. Its philosophy is entrenched on the idea of grassroots level participation in government.

scholars and practitioners have indicated that local government are not only formed as representative arm of the state and federal government ,but as a means by which which goods and services are delivered to the people within the framework of enabling laws which established them.

Consequently it is the need to foster a balanced development in the rural areas and enhance the full participation of the rural dwellers that precipitate the establishment of the local government administration. The local government constitutes as a channel of administrative and political structure and facilitates national integration, rural commitment in governance, and a channel of fostering development at the grassroots. The local government is viewed as a co-partner with the state and federal government, Therefore the research seek to investigate local government administration as a panacea for rural transformation

1.2Statement of the Problem

The rural populace is confronted with numerous developmental needs such as education, water, health care facility, good roads, electricity etc. This lack of basic amenities has constituted serious challenge to the living standard of the people resulting in poverty, poor health and living standard. Consequently the local government administration was instituted to serve as a bridge between the state and federal government in executing government development program at the local communities so as to enhance socio-economic development if the rural areas

However according to Dare, (1989:38) The local government has not made the much needed significant impact towards the socio-economic development of the rural populace. He stated the much problems lies in the lack of provision of adequate funds to the local government. Also Ogunna (1980:44) identifies factors militating against the performance of the local government to include inadequate funding, poor executive capacity, poor and inadequate working equipment, staff incompetency and state government interference with its internal operations leading to excessive delays and bureaucracy. He therefore advocate for the review of the local government laws and regulation for a new reform to enhance a more effective local government administration. Therefore the problem confronting the research is to proffer an appraisal of local government administration as a panacea for rural transformation

1.3Objectives of the Study

To find out the roles of local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas To determine what constitute the challenges confronting local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas

1.4Research Questions

What is the role of local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas?

What constitute the challenges confronting local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas?

1.5Significance of the Study

The study is particularly significant inview of the importance to develop the rural areas for socio- economic development. Consequently the study shall elucidate on the challenges mitigating rural development and proffer appropriate recommendation.

1.6Research Hypothesis

Ho: The impact of local government Administration on rural transformation is low

Hi: The impact of local government Administration on rural transformation is high

1.7Scope of the Study

The study focuses on the appraisal of the local government administration as a panacea for rural transformation.

1.8Limitations of the Study

The research was confronted by some constraint including logistic and geographical factor.

1.9 Definition of Terms

Role: A role is the assigned duty to an employee or an institution

Local government:

Agbakoba (2004), stated that the local government is an administrative and political unit that is vested with the powers under law to govern a specified locality. Its philosophy is entrenched on the idea of grassroots level participation in government.

Transformation: Transformation refers to a gradual or rapid change in the socio-economic, political and cultural lives of the people living in a particular area.

Grassroots/Rural development: The term grassroots development as used in this study refers to the act or process of developing and empowering the well-being of the vast majority of the rural dwellers through the provision of basic social and economic infrastructures.

Rural Dwellers

This are the people living in the rural communities of a country with lack of  lack basic infrastructure  and amenities .

Democracy

 Democracy is the government of the people by the people and for the people. It implies that ultimate authority of government is vested in the common people so that the public policy is made to conform to the will of the people and to serve the interests of the people.

                    SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS 5.1 Summary This study focused on the local government administration as a panacea for rural transformation. The study was set to address two objectives which include; i.     To find out the roles of local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areasii.    To determine what constitute the challenges confronting local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areasBased on the above stated objective and the study carried out, the following findings were made: i.    that the roles of local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas include but not limited to building of infrastructure in the area; creation of jobs in the area; building of schools and payment of teachers; maintenance of peace and security in the areaii.    that what constitutes the challenges confronting local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas include but not limited to poor funding; lack of professionalism; neglect by the state government; political interference and huge employment burden   5.2ConclusionThe main purpose of this study is to assess the local government administration as a panacea for rural transformation. Two research questions guided the study with one research hypothesis. In this study, a survey research design was adopted, the population comprises all Uyo local government workers in Akwaibom state, a simple random sampling technique was used to select 50 local government workers for the study and a questionnaire was the instrument for data collection. Relevant literatures were reviewed which guided the objectives and methodology of this study. As result of the field study and analysis of results, the following findings were made:i.    that the roles of local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas include but not limited to building of infrastructure in the area; creation of jobs in the area; building of schools and payment of teachers; maintenance of peace and security in the areaii.    that what constitutes the challenges confronting local government administration towards the transformation of the rural areas include but not limited to poor funding; lack of professionalism; neglect by the state government; political interference and huge employment burden   5.3 RecommendationsBased on the findings of this study, the following recommendations are made: i.    That there should be improvement in the allocation to the local government to meet up with their responsibilities. ii.    Government should ensure that professionals are allowed to manage the affairs of local governments iii.    There should be an improvement in improved security of local government officials.The local government administrators should focused on their basic duties of provision of infrastructure at the rural areas.

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LOCAL GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION AS A PANACEA FOR RURAL TRANSFORMATION



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