LOCAL GOVERNMENT TOWARD IMPROVING EFFECTIVE REVENUE UTILIZATION IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY IBADAN NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT).
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 significance of the study
1.5 Scope of the study
1.6 Statement of hypothesis
1.7 Limitation of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
1.9 Historical backgrounds
2.1 Definition of revenue
2.2 Utilization of revenue generation in Nigeria local government
2.3 Functions of Nigeria local government
2.4 Problems facing Nigeria local government in Nigeria
2.7 Problems of revenue generation in Nigeria local government
2.8 Implication of local government areas
3.1 Research methodology
3.2 Research design
3.3 Study sample
3.4 Statistical tools applied in data analysis
4.1 Data presentation and analysis
4.2 Presentation and analysis of personal data
4.3 Testing of research hypothesis
5.1 Summaries of findings
An effective local administration rests majorly on the availability of human and materials resources to ensure development which the nation could mobilize and if properly harnessed. In 1976, the federal military government then issued guideline on local government in Nigeria. The reform gave recognition to local government in Nigeria as the third tier of government as incorporated successive Nigeria constitution.
This gave a substantial and unprecedented autonomy to local governments in the country. With this autonomy, greater responsibilities were assigned to meet the aspiration of the people that most of the local governments are finding it difficult to cope with at the grass root.
Moreover, the principal aims of creating local governments in Nigeria include;
i. To serve as the third tier of government through which appropriate services and development are made in responses to the wishes of local community through their representatives.
ii. To serve as the intermediary between government at the centre and local communities.
iii. To mobilize and utilize both human and material resources by engaging the people at the local level in the government activities.
iv. To facilitate the exercise of democratic self government closer to the grassroots.
v. However, all local governments in Nigeria do no longer perform their responsibilities simply because of Poor finances arise from inadequate revenue generated.
The financial situation in Nigeria local governments is further aggravated by the prevailing economic situation in this country which erodes the value of fund available to provide essential social services to the people. The precarious situation of the local government has been blamed on the total dependence of federal and state governments for monthly statutory allocation and support from higher level of government looking inward to improve their internally generated revenue (IGR) rather than to bring about economically feasible budgeting and desire development.
It is in the light of the above necessity the calls for the needs to examine critically the internally revenue generation could be improve upon to complement dependence on the higher allocation instead on total dependence on the higher levels of the government to survive.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Generally, the local government is faced with myriads of problems ranging from corruption and embezzlement, poor financing and mismanagement of funds which could be attributed to poor leadership. This has deterred their development. The major issues that are connected with the revenue utilization is not unconnected with total dependence on federal and state statutory allocation and resultant effect is the poor revenue utilization and poor services delivery and its attendants implications of poor governance for poor leadership.
1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY
The objectives of the study are as follows;
i. To critically examine ways of improving revenue utilization in local government level
ii. To conceptualize the concept of revenue utilization
iii. To determine whether there is effective revenue utilization at the local government level
1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
From the outlook, there is need for the local government to improve their performance. However, the research is significantly considering the people and the need to utilize substantial revenue for its various sources in addition to federal and state statutory allocation for avoidance, it will also help to identify some means of utilizing revenue that has been neglected over years.
It will also be beneficial to grassroots, because improved revenue utilization means improved standard of living in form of provision of social amenities such as road, hospital, park, drinkable, educative as it will be a reference point for researchers.
1.5 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The researcher is intended to the carryout using primary and secondary data. Primary that will be obtained from each oral interview and questionnaire while secondary data will be obtained from annual reports and estimates of Ibadan north local government.
The method of data analysis is chi-square
1.6 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESIS
Ho: there is no correlation relationship between effective revenue utilization and Nigeria local governments.
H1: there is correlation relationship between effective revenue utilization and Nigeria local governments.
2. Ho: internal control has not been put in place to ensure effective utilization of revenue generated at the local level.
H1: An internal control measure has been put in place to ensure effective utilization of revenue generated at the local level.
3. Ho: there is no constitutional provision for revenue generation of local government level.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
In carrying out this research work, no doubt on the number of hindrances are likely to be encountered because this type of study entails a critical look on effective revenue utilization in Nigeria local government such problems are:
1. Non- availability of material:- this posses a big problem for the researcher most of the libraries visited are not adequately stocked.
2. Financial constraints:- the researcher was restricted by the meager financial capacity available to me. Being a student with little or no means of income.
3. Time constraint:- the researcher was faced with limited time for me to carry out the research work with project work. Another limitation is that the study is limited to only one local government area.
1.8 DEFINITION OF OPERATIONAL TERMS
Local government: according to Lawal, (200), local government can be defined as a political sub-division of a nation in federal system which is constituted by law and has substantial control of local affair which includes the power to impose taxes or exact labour for prescribed purpose.
According to William Robson (2006), defines local government as involving the conception of territorial, non-sovereign community possessing the legal right and the necessary organization to regulate its own affairs
REVENUE: revenue can be defined as the funds generated by the government to finance its activities. In other words, revenue is the total fund generated by (federal, state and local government) to meet their expenditure for a fiscal year.
This also refers to the grand total of money of income received from the sources of which expenses are incurred. Revenue could be internal or external revenue.
Utilization: - utilization can be defined as effective use of resources to promote general administration in the interest of the people
1.9 HISTORICAL BACKGROUND OF THE ORGANIZATION
The administrative headquarter of Ibadan north local government was located at Agodi gate. It was established through the promulgation decree of 1991.
During the period of military regime in 1991 headed by a military dictatorship president Ibrahim Gbadamosi Babangida, despite the splitting of the old difference Ibadan municipal government (IMG) in five independence local government, namely;
i. Ibadan north east local government
ii. Ibadan north- east local government
iii. Ibadan –south west local government
iv. Ibadan north west local government
v. Ibadan south-east local government
The resident of these are mostly Yoruba and other tribes and their religions include Christianity, Islamic and traditional religion. The people of the area engaged in different economic activities.
The administration is governed by duly elected executive arm of government which is the chairman and the accounting officer for the local government consist of eleven (11) wards and as at now, each ward is represented by a councilor.
Estate and valuation
Dept of agric headed by a director
Dept of education headed by a director
Dept of admin and personal management
Dept of finance and supply headed by the director of finance
Dept of works headed by a director
Dept of primary health care, headed by primary health care contractor
Clerk of the house
Leader of the house
Leader of the house
Deputy leader of the house
Organizational structure of Ibadan north local government.