STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN OSHODI-APAPA AXIS OF LAGOS


STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN OSHODI-APAPA AXIS OF LAGOS   

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    i

Approval Page    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    ii

Declaration    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iii

Dedication    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    iv

Acknowledgement    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    v

Abstract    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    vi

Table of Contents    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    vii

CHAPTER ONE – INTRODUCTION

1.1    Background of the Study    -    -    -    -    -   

1.2    Statement of General Problem    -    -    -    -   

1.3    Objective of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.4    Research Questions    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.5    Significance of the Study    -    -    -    -    -   

1.6    Scope of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

1.7    Definition of Terms    -    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER TWO – REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

2.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

2.2    Traffic congestion cost    -    -    -    -    -   

2.3    Reasons for road traffic congestion in Lagos    -    -   

2.4    Traffic system management              -    -    -   

2.5    Empirical Review -   -    -     -     -    -    -    -    -       -     

CHAPTER THREE – RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

3.1    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.2    Research Design    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.3    Area of the Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.4    Population of Study    -    -    -    -    -    -   

3.5    Sample size and Sampling Techniques    -    -    -   

3.6    Instrument for Data Collection    -    -    -    -   

3.7    Validity of the Instrument    -    -    -    -    -   

3.8    Reliability of the Instrument    -    -    -    -   

3.9    Method of Data Collection    -    -    -    -    -   

3.10    Method of Data Analysis    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER FOUR – DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.0    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

4.1    Data Presentation and Analysis    -    -    -    -   

4.2    Characteristics of the Respondents    -    -    -   

4.3    Data Analysis    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

4.4    Testing Hypothesis    -    -    -    -    -    -   

4.5    Summary of Findings    -    -    -    -    -    -   

4.6    Discussion of Findings    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER FIVE – SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.0    Introduction    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

5.1    Summary    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

5.2    Conclusion    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

5.3    Recommendations    -    -    -    -    -    -   

    References -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

Appendix    -    -    -    -    -    -    -    -   

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

1.1.    Background of the study

Traffic congestion in commercial cities in Nigeria has been a cause for concern for every well-meaning Nigerian who craves for infrastructural development and maintenance. The continuous road traffic congestion in Nigerian cities especially in Lagos which started from the 1980s immediately after Udeoji award which enhanced household income and resulted to increased desire for both private and commercial vehicle ownership is intensifying on daily basis. The daily movement of people in Nigerian cities is becoming more difficult and complex.

Lagos state being the most populated state in Nigeria according to the national population commission has been engulfed in traffic congestion this may be due to population explosion and urban migration which has increased the pressure on the available infrastructure. This is reflected in the increasing bumper-to-bumper traffic being experienced in the major cities during the morning (7:00am – 9:00am) and afternoon (3:00pm – 6:00pm) peak hours (Okpala, 1981:46). In some cases, such as in Lagos, road traffic congestion is being experienced throughout the day from 8:00am – 9:00pm which can even extend into the dead of the night on occasions. In Lagos state especially, it is not uncommon for commuters to spend more than two hours enroute to work, school, market, hospital etc. or back home even when to and fro distance is not much. According to Okpala (1998: 23), the situation has become so common that it even appears that traffic hold-ups are becoming acceptable excuses for late attendance to work or even formal and informal meetings. This malady in most of the Nigerian cities has been causing people a lot of concern (Oyefesobi, 1981:35). It is posing formidable challenges to both state governments, Local government Councils, researchers and particularly the city residents.

1.2.    Statement of the general problem

The search for an enduring solution to the traffic problems will necessarily commence with thorough investigation that will unveil the factors responsible for such problems. This is what this study intends to do with particular reference to Oshodi-Apapa express way Lagos.

1.3.    Objectives of the study

This study aims at the following:

⦁    To provide this missing link by way of making good attempt at identifying the factors which are responsible for traffic problems in Oshodiapapa express way.

⦁     To recommend ways of easing traffic congestion in Lagos

⦁    To examine the major causes of road traffic congestion in Lagos

1.4.    Scope of the study

This study is on statistical analysis of road traffic congestion at the OshodiApapa express way Lagos state.

1.5.    Research questions

⦁    What are the major causes of traffic congestion

⦁    What can be done to ease traffic congestion in Lagos?

⦁    Is there a relationship between traffic congestion and increase in crime rate in Lagos?

1.6.    Research hypothesis

H0: There is no significant relationship between crime and traffic congestion in Oshodiapapa expressway

H1: There is a significant relationship between crime and traffic congestion in Oshodiapapa expressway

1.7.    Definition of terms

⦁    Trafficthe movement of vehicles, ships, persons, etc., in an area, along astreet, through an air lane, over a water route, etc

⦁    Crime:an illegal act for which someone can be punished by the government.

REFERENCE

Adedimila, A. S. (2006), “Towards Improving Traffic Flow in Lagos,” Transportation in Nigerian National Development, Proceedings of A National Conference

Adenle, J. A. (2009), “Factors Militating Against Free Flow of Traffic in Metropolitan Lagos,” Transportation in Nigeria National Development, Proceedings of A National Conference, Onakomaiya, S. O. and Ekanem, N. F. (eds), NISER Publications, Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp 379 -399.

Creighton, R. L. (1999), Urban Transportation Planning, Urban, University of Illinois Press.

 Ibrahim, I. D. (2004), “Problems of Journey to Work In Nigeria, A Case Study of Zaria,” Paper presented during 35th Annual Conference of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, pp 20 – 27.

Nayer, K. W. (1978), The Urban Transportation Problems, Harvard University Press Cambridge, Massachusetts.

Okpala, D. C. I. (1998), “Urban Traffic Management in Nigerian Cities: The Necessity for Mass-Transit Priorities,” Transportation in Nigerian National Development, Proceedings of A National Conference, Onakomaiya, S. O. and Ekanem, N. F. (eds), NISER Publications, Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp 337 – 360.

Omo, A. (2004), “LanduseAnd Traffic Management In Nigeria Urban Centres: A Case Study of Benin City,” 35th Annual Conference of Nigerian Institute of Town Planners, pp 13 – 19.

Oyefesobi, S. O. (1981), “Measures to Improve Traffic Flow and Reduce Road Accidents in Nigeria,” Transportation in Nigerian National Development, Proceedings of A National Conference, Onakomaiya, S. O. and Ekanem, N. F. (eds), NISER Publications, Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp 400 – 405.

Orioke, J. M. A. (1981), “Traffic Education and Traffic Flow in Ibadan City,” Transportation in Nigerian National Development, Proceedings of A National Conference, Onakomaiya, S. O. and Ekanem, N. F. (eds), NISER Publications, Ibadan, Nigeria. Pp 406 – 415.

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STATISTICAL ANALYSIS OF TRAFFIC CONGESTION IN OSHODI-APAPA AXIS OF LAGOS



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