Radio is portable, accessible without electricity, relatively economical and almost

universally available. Hence, this study assessed the role of radio in the management of environmental health issues in Dutse local government area of Jigawa State. Information diffusion Theory, Agenda setting theory and Development media theory served as theoritical Framework. The study adopted survey research method, while questionnaire was used as instrument. The findings showed that radio enabled listeners to be adequately informed about health issues. And this invariably improved their health conciousness. It was concluded that more needs to be done in order to improve access of the residents of Dutse local government to radio to gain more information on environmental health. The study therefore recommended among others that more studies on the use of radio in creating awareness on environmental health issues should be published. This indicates a need for more and deeper study in such area which will help inform and educate the public and set agenda for public debate about health topics.


Title page i

Certification ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement   iv

Table of contents   v

Abstract vi


1.1 Background to the Study     1

1.2 Statement of the Problem     4

1.3 Objective of the Study     5

1.4 Research Questions     5

1.5 Significance of the Study     6

1.6 Scope of the Study     7

1.7 Operational definitions of terms      7


2.1.0 Theoretical Framework          9

2.1.1 Information Diffusion Theory          9

2.1.2 Agenda-Setting Theory         10

2.1.3 The Development Media Theory        12

2.2.0 Conceptual Review         13

2.2.1 Concept of Environmental Health         13

2.2.2 Concept of Development Communication         14

2.2.3 Major Health Issues in Nigeria and Government Health Policies        15

2.2.4 Health Situation in Jigawa State        17

2.2.5 Radio as a Medium of Promoting Health Education        19

2.3 Empirical Review        21


3.1 Research Method         27

3.2 Population of the Study        28

3.3 Sample Size and Sampling Technique        28

3.4 Research Instrument        29

3.5 Validity of Research Instrument        30

3.6 Reliability of the Research Instrument        30

3.7 Method of Administration of the Research Instrument        31

3.8 Method of Data Analysis        31


4.1 Field Performance of the Research Instrument        32

4.2 Analyses of Data on the Research Questions        33

4.3 Discussion of Findings        42


5.1 Limitation of study        44

5.2 Summary        44

5.3 Conclusion        46

5.4 Recommendations        47

5.4.1 Recommendations to study-Specific Stakeholder        47

5.4.2 Recommendations for Further Studies        48

REFERENCES         49

APPENDIX         54



1.1 Background to the Study

Over the years, health and healthy well-being of human beings have been conceptualized in diverse ways. Health or healthy well-being of humans does not merely connote the absence of ailments and disease. Its sum total also encompasses the proper physical, mental and social functioning of human beings. Health is also influenced by socio-economic, cultural, environmental as well as hereditary factors (Wilson, 1970; WHO, 1978; Deliege, 1983). The attainment of healthy well-being by individuals, and the community at large, is therefore, a social concern because a society can function properly only when majority of its members are healthy enough to perform the tasks that sustains human society. In all historical epochs, human societies have evolved institutions, which provide health and medical services, prevent diseases, treat diseases whenever sickness occurs and promote overall health well-being of citizens (Calhoun, 1978). 

Environmental health is rapidly becoming a focus area for clinicians, researchers, individuals, and communities aiming to investigate and mitigate exposures to harmful agents. Environmental health can be defined as “freedom from illness or injury related to toxic agents and other environmental conditions that are potentially detrimental to human health” (Pope, Snyder, & Mood, 2005). Ample studies continue to demonstrate that well-known environmental hazards such as tobacco smoke, motor vehicle emissions, and may lead to negative health effects with continued exposure. Furthermore, specific hazards such as asbestos, arsenic, and radon can be found in rural states and warrant additional concern for their potentially negative health effects. To help communicate the importance of real or potential environmental risks, medical professionals are generally accepted as an educated and trusted source to distribute this information (Miller & Solomon, 2003). 

More specifically, the advent of radio has tremendously transformed the way information is disseminated. Prior to its invention, people most especially in primitive African society had their peculiar way of disseminating information such as the use of town criers and assembling people in strategic locations in the village such as market square to disseminate information to them. Colonial masters brought radio to ease their administration and ever since it has been to pass information from government to the citizen and people use it to disseminate social and religious programs because of its capability to reach large audience. Advancement in information and communication technology has brought other means of information dissemination such as television, internet, mobile phones, fax, telex, telegram among other (Ezekiel, 2014).

The radio is intensively employed in environmental health issues campaign. Vast sums are spent annually for resources and salaries that have gone into the production and dissemination of radio programs. Radio is employed at all levels of public health in the hope that three effects might occur: the learning of correct health information and knowledge, the changing of health attitudes and values and the establishment of new health behavior (Noar, 2006). Radio campaigns have long been a tool for promoting environmental health related issues.

Communication campaigns involving diverse topics and target audiences have been conducted for decades. Some reasons why information campaigns fail’ is an early landmark in the literature. Exposure to such messages is, therefore, generally passive (Wakefield, 2010). Such campaigns are frequently competing with factors, such as pervasive product marketing, powerful social norms, and behaviours driven by addiction or habit. Radio campaigns have generally aimed primarily to change knowledge, awareness and attitudes, contributing to the goal of changing behaviour. 

Jigawa state was considered appropriate for the study because of the expose of people to greater dangers of various health risk behaviours resulting from some cultural and traditional festivals like harvesting, Durbar festivals, Traditional wrestling events, wedding ceremonies, Turbaning ceremonies, Sallah festivals among others that lead to stress and substance consumption. During these festivals adolescents organize parties where various dangerous substances are used. Therefore, this study seeks to examine the role of radio in the management of environmental health issues in Dutse local government of Jigawa State.

1.2 Statement of Problem

Health is a fundamental dimension of well-being and a key component of human capital. Radio campaigns have generally aimed primarily to change knowledge, awareness and attitudes, contributing to the goal of changing behaviour. A health management system that meets the needs of a developing country like Nigeria presupposes a thorough understanding not only of the reasons why the present radio program system fails to deliver health issues to the people, but also the dynamic decision processes of households to which the radio health program ought to listen. Such a clear understanding will help in redefining the objectives of national mass media policy and those of the active players in the radio health program delivery system. Consequently upon this, the study tries to fill the gap in literature and geographical location by examining the role of radio in the management of environmental health issues in Dutse local government.

1.3 Objectives of the Study

The main objective of the study is to examine the role of radio in the management of environmental health issues in Dutse local government, Jigawa State. The specific objectives of this study are to:

1. To determine the performance of radio in the dissemination of effective and qualitative methods of environmental health awareness campaign in Dutse local government, Jigawa State;

2. To investigate the listeners’ opinion on the nature of cooperation between radio and health institutions as it concerns the dissemination of health issues.  

3. To determine the problems encountered in accessing and reporting environmental health issues on radio at Dutse local government, Jigawa State.  

1.4 Research Question

Based on the objectives of this study, the following questions were raise in order to guide the study.

1. To what extent does radio help in creating health awareness in Dutse local government?

2. What are the listeners’ opinions on the nature of cooperation between radio and health institutions as it concerns dissemination of health issues?

3. What are the problems encountered in accessing and reporting environmental health issues on radio in Dutse local government, Jigawa State?

1.5     Significance of the Study

This study is significant because it will bring to the understanding of the reader the true position of radio in the management of environmental health issues in Dutse local government. However, the significance of this study cannot be overemphasized, considering the fact that rapid development of good health contribute immensely to the development of any nation. Upon completion, the study will add knowledge to students and other researchers, policy makers, citizens who can expand it by conducting research in the same field. The study will help to know how radio campaigns have usually been one element of broader health promotion programs with mutually reinforcing components. The study will help to Mobilize and support local agencies and professionals who have direct access to opinion leaders within the target population also bringing together partnerships of public, voluntary and private sector bodies and professional organizations. 

The study will help to inform and educate the public, and also setting the agenda for public debate about the health topic, thereby modifying the climate of opinion surrounding through encouraging local and national policy changes so as to create a supportive environment within which people are more able to change their behaviour. The findings of this research work will be of great relevance to the following categories of people. The academics, this includes lecturers, teachers, researchers and students would find this study as a good reference material for related and further studies on this issue. The study will be beneficial to households and health service providers, in the sense that it tends to expose all forms of challenges and prospects they are likely to encounter with lack of good health. 

1.6 Scope of the Study

The study revolves around the role of radio in the management of environmenatal health issues. This study is limited to the role of radio in the management of environmental health in dutse local government, jigawa state all other places are excluded from this study. This study focuses on the three radio stations in Dutse local government which are  New world FM, Freedom Radio and Andaza FM. Hence, all other radio stations are excluded from the study for proper delimitation. This story revolves around the four Health programmes in the three radio stations Lafiya Jari, Radio Doctor, Aikin Likita and Lafiyar iyali. All other programmes are excluded from this study.

1.7 Operational Definition of terms

For clarity of purpose comprehension, the main concepts used in this study were operationally defined.

The Role: The impact of the media.

Media: The electronic medium use in promoting social advancement and development in the society.

Radio: Connected with rays, Radiation or Radioactivity.

Management: A group of personality that are in charge of an organization.

Environmental: is place where people, plants and animal live.

Health: Condition or quality of the human organism expressing the adequate functioning of the organism in a given condition, genetic or environmental.



2.1 Theoretical Framework

Theories and Models are important in health education research. Babbie (2003) defined theory as a systematic explanation for the observation that relate to a particular aspect of life. In order to give the present study a theoretical basis, three theories are reviewed and utilized. This review provides useful information on the role of radio in disseminating health management issues.

2.1.1 Information Diffusion Theory

Information through the radio can reach a wide and heterogeneous audience simultaneously, the rate of information diffusion of the media is influenced by the nature of the issues in question. One of the theories of mass communication that deals with the flow of information from a source to the receiver is diffusion theory. Information Diffusion theory was first introduced by Everett Rogers in 1962. Information diffusion theory is a theory that seeks to explain how, why and at what rate new ideas spread.

Rogers (2003) argues that diffusion is the process by which an innovation is communicated over time among the participants in a social system. There are four factors that influence adaptation of an innovation. 

⦁ The innovation itself

⦁ The communication channels used to spread information about innovation

⦁ Time

⦁ The nature of society to whom it is introduced

Diffusion occurs through a five step process which are awareness, interest, evaluation, trial, and adoption. 

This theory focuses on how the media diffuses information to the public, not just on educational aspects but also culturally. This theory gives insight into how individuals and societies adopt new innovation which makes it relevant to the thrust of this research work. It lays emphasis on how information spreads to a particular audience.




RESEARCHWAP.ORG is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • " is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • " is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing