THE IMPORTANCE OF FAMILY PLANNING ON WOMEN OF CHILDBEARING AGE (15-49) IN MOBA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, OTUN EKITI, EKITI STATE.
The research was carried out the important of family planning among of women of the child bearing age (13- 49) years age at the Moba local government, Otun Ekiti state.
Structured questionnaires were distributed by convenience method to 120 respondents, out of which 100 questionnaires were collected. 50 questionnaire each in Health Facilities of Moba Local Government in Otun Elate State and Immanuel Genul Hospital Otun Ekiti were collated and analyzed.
The findings revealed that 85% of the respondents were memed, 1%
TABLE OF CONTENTS
1.1 Background of study
1.2 Statement of the problem
1.3 General objective
1.4 Specific objective
1.5 Significance of the study
1.6 Operational definition of teams
1.9 Research Question
2.1 General Review
2.1.2 Importance of family planning
2.1.3 Contraceptive services
2.1.4 These five key of principles of quality conceding
2.1.5 Benefits of family planning
2.1.6 To Review important of family planning
2.2 Critical Review- empire studies
2.3 Conceptual frame work
2.3.1 Concept of contraception
2.3.2 Benefit of family planning
2.3.1 Factors affecting chart’s acceptance of family planning
2.4 Theoretical frame work
3.0 Research Methodology
3.1 Research Design
3.4 Sampling Techniques
3.5 I pilot study
3.6 Data collection
3.7 Data analysis
4.1 Data preservation and analysis
5.1 Discussion Finding
5.4 Imputations of study
LIST OF TABLES
Table 4.1 Age distribution of respondents
Table 4.2 Marital status of respondents
Table 4.3 Educational Qualification of respondents
Table 4.4 Religion of respondents
Table 4.5 Occupation of the respondents
Table 4.6 Number of children of respondents
Table 4.7 Knowledge lawerness about family planning
Table 4.11 Attitudes of women forwards utilization of family planning
Table 4.16 Social economic/ cultural factors
Table 4.21 Benefit of family planning
1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY
Family planning implies the ability of individuals and couples to anticipate and attain their desired number of children by spacing and timing their births. It is achieved through the use of contraceptive methods and the treatment of involuntary infertility. The availability of family planning does more than enable women and men to limit family seize. It safeguards individual health and rights, and improves the quality of life of couples and their children.
Umbeli T, Mukhtar A, Abusalab M (2001). Family planning is an important strategy in promoting maternal and child health. It improves health through adequate spacing of births and avoiding pregnancy of high risk maternal ages and parities.
The most important proximate determinant of fertility is the use of family planning. Where contraceptive use is widespread fertility is low. Rajaretnam has demonstated that even if there is no reduction in the family size of individual couples, delaying child bearing will bring about a decline in fertility and population growth rate. Lack of adequate information and ignorance are key factors militating against family planning practice in Nigeria. Many potential informational barriers exist to contraceptive use. (Rajaretnam, T. 1990). Adinma J.I.M, Nwosu B.O (2005), women must be aware of the methods available, must know where supplies of these methods can be obtained and they must know how to use the method they choose. Each year an estimated 5,00,000 women die of complication due to pregnancy, child bearing or unsafe abortion.
In some areas of Nigeria, one in five women report having experienced an unwanted conception, of these 58% had an abortion and on additional 9% attempted unsuccessfully to end the pregnancy. It is estimated that about 25% of women who have abortion in Nigeria experience serious complications.
Adoption of family planning measures will reduced unwanted pregnancies and criminal abortions to it barest minimum. Pregnancy is the reproductive age group die at a higher rate than men. Most materials deaths occur among poor women who live in remote rural areas and have difficult access to hospital. (federal office of statistic 1992).
Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa, with more than 88million people, it also has a high annual rate of population growth (3.5%) and a total fertility rate of 6.0 lifetime births per women. Additionally, the country has relatively high levels of infant mortality (104 infan deaths per 1,000 live births) and maternal mortality (800 materials death per 100,000 live births). (USAID ODA)
In response to these and other serious demographic and health issue, the Nigerian government put into effect a national population policy in 1989 that called for a reduction in the birthrate through voluntary fertility regulation methods compatible with the nation’s economic and social goals. (Federal Government of Nigeria, 1988). Promoting sexual responsibility substantially increased requests for contraceptive information among adolescents. Other studies have shown that exposure to a mass media family planning campaign increases contraceptive use.
Several studies have reported change in Nigerians knowledge of and attitudes toward family planning. Theses studies, however, did not examine the association between attitude toward contraception and its use. In the 1981- 1982 Nigerian fertility survey, only 34% of all women reported that they had heard of any family planning method.
By 1990, when the Nigerian Demographic and health survey was conducted, the proportion of women who knew of any contraceptive methods had increased by about one- third, to 46%, and the proportion of women who knew of specific methods also had grown.
Furthermore, 41% of married women who knew of a contraceptive metho9d had discussed family planning with their husbands. Family planning affect contraceptive use?. The answer will help policymakers and program planners determine what issue need to be stressed in the design of future family planning awareness campaigns in Nigeria.
In the light of the above, this study was designed to assess the awareness of family planning amongst antenatal patients of federal medical centre, Owo, Ondo state, Nigeria.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
Women of childbearing age of in moba local government in otun Ekiti have little or no importance of family planning. This period of utilized the family planning. His period of them to know importance of that to give space, plan for the no of the children that they can cater for and it reduce the materials motedity among the women of children bearing age, even reduce the abortion in to the minimal level among the adolescence.
1.3 GENERAL OBJECTIVE
The general objective is the importance of family planning among the women of child bearing age of in moba local government area in Otun Ekiti Nigeria.
1.4 SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE
The specific objective this research work are:
1. To know the importance of family planning among the women of child bearing age of in moba local government in Otun Ekiti
2. To determined the demographic and socioeconomic characteristic of women of childbearing age that knows important of family planning on moba local government area in Otun Ekiti state
3. To increases the knowledge of women of childbearing age on important of family planning at moba local government in Otun Ekiti sate
4. Various methods of family planning that we have must be knowing to women of childbearing age of moba in Otun Ekiti state
1.5 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
1. The essence of this study was to know the importance of family planning among the women of childbearing age in moba local government in otun Ekiti state
2. The study will establish the importance of family planning among the women of childbearning age of in moba local government in out Ekiti state
3. The finding would increase the knowledge of women of childbearing age on important of family planning at moba local government in otun Ekii state
4. The study is expected to fill up the knowledge gap which tends to exit with respect to important o family planning at moba local government in otun Ekiti state
1.6 OPERATIONAL DEFINITION OF TERMS
Safety. These recommendations integrate other CDC recommendations about which contraceptive methods can be provided safely to women with various medical conditions, and integrate CDC and US preventive services task force (USPSTF) recommendations on STD, preconception, and related preventive health service.
Effectiveness. These recommendation support offering a full range of food and Drug Administration (FDA) approved contraceptive methods as well as counseling that highlights. Over all and, in specific patients situation, draws attention to the effectiveness of specific clinical preventive health services and identifies clinical preventive health services and identifies clinical preventive health services for which the potential harms outweigh the benefits (i.e USPSTF “D” recommendations).
Timeliness: These recommendation highlight the importance of ensuring that services are provided to clients in a timely manner.
Efficiency: These recommendation identify a core set of services that providers can focus on delivering, as well as ways to maximize the use of resources.
Accessibility: These recommendation address how to remove barriers to contraceptive use, use the family planning visit to provide access to a boarder range of primary care and behavioral health services, use the primary care visit to provide access to contraceptive and other family planning services, and strengthen links to other sources of care.
Equity: These recommendations highlight the need for provides of family planning services to deliver high quality care to all clients, including adolescents, LGBTQ persons, racial and ethnic minorities clients with limited English proficiency, and persons living with disabilities.
Value: These recommendation highlight services (i.e, contraception and other clinical preventive services) that have been show to be very cost- effective.
Health: Health according to (WHO) world health organization is a state of complete physical, mental and social- well being and not merely the absence of diseases or infirmity.
Family: is consist father, mother and their children living together in the same house.
CONTRACEPTIVE- is the use various devices drugs, agents, sexual practice, or impregnation (pregnancy) contraception to have a baby.
There were some limitations that the researcher during the course of the research. These include: long distance, financial constrain, crowded program, and lack of cooperation o the staff involved in the clinic. However, the limitation was overcome through a letter permission written to the executive chairman of the otun Ekiti local government, Ekiti state of Nigerial asking for permission to use women of childbearing age that attending heart facility at moba otun local Government, for a researcher study. The permission was granted
The study is limited to the women of childbearing age at moba health facility otun Ekiti local government Ekiti state
1.9 RESEARCH QUESTION
1) What are the importance’s of family planning among the women of childbearing age of in moba local government in otun Ekiti state
2) What are demographic and socio- economic characteristic of women of child bearing age that knows important of family planning in moba local government in otun Ekiti state
3) What are the knowledge of women of childbearing age on important of family planning at moba local government in otun Ekiti state
4) What are the various methods of family planning that we have must be knowing to women of child bearing age of moba government in otun Ekiti state..