According to the dictionary of education “class is a number of persons or things regarded as belonging together because of common attributes, qualities or traits. It is a group of pupils or students who are taught and students together. It is a meeting of a group of students for turtious. A classroom is said to be overcrowded in which the number of students exceed. The optimum level such that it causes hindrance in the teaching and learning process. The classroom is the most important area within a school. The student spend most of the time in an environment conducive to learning to the entire design of classroom reflects the priorities, goals, philosophy, personality and teaching style of the students. Student learning behaviour can be enhanced when teachers takes time to create a classroom climate in which adolescence feel comfortable with their teachers and peer. But unfortunately in our country the classrooms are overcrowded.

The condition of government school all over the country and quantity of education being imparted have become a matter of concern to stakeholder in the education sector. Government and the concerned education department are most exercising balance over quality of education. Government schools are due to the limitation of the economic resources and budget constraints.

Focusing on the effect of this very serious problems prevailing in our country one thing is very clear that teaching in such an environment where the number of students is not possible.

Shah and Imamullah (2012) found from their studies that overcrowding classes could have a direct impact on students learning. They not only affected students performance but also, put stress on teachers and increase school dropout rate of students.

The effect of classroom selling on student has been a perplexing one for education studies have found that the physical environment class. Overcrowding and teaching methods are all variables that student achievement (Molnar, et al, 2000). Other factor that affect students achievement are school crowding and classroom setting (General 210-Swift 2000). The issues of poor academic performance of students in Nigeria has been of much concern to all and sundry the problems is so much that it has led to the define in standard of education. It is thereforeimportant  to examine the effect of overcrowding in classroom setting on student academic performance.


Uganda has put measures to improve the quality of education in secondary schools, but the performance of students in the West African Examination Council (WAEC) is still poor in the majority of districts (New vision, 20093). In addition the schools inspectorate department in most districts is found to be lacking in vigilance to uphold education standards. Some schools are never inspected not even once in the entire school year.

School inspector attribute this to increased work load and insufficient resources. By nature inspection is more reactive than proactive, since schools with problems are prioritized. As a result of education standard, especially in the rural area suffer a decline because of poor or lack of school (Transparency, 200934).

What students learn, how much effort they put into it and the nature of their learning is determined for most by the extent and nature of the assessment. They expect to receive Gibbs and Simson as cited in first UQ Assessment brief (2009;1), summarizes the impact assessment when they mention “it is assumed the assessment has an overwhelming influence on what, how and how much students study


The general objectives of this study is the effect of overcrowding and classroom settings on students of academic performance, using some selected secondary school in Abeokuta south local government area of Ogun State as case study the specific objectives are to:

What are the factor responsible for the overcrowding classroom

Examine the relationship between overcrowding and classroom setting

Examine the effect of classroom academic

Analyze the impact of overcrowding and setting of classroom on student academic performance


What is the impact of overcrowding and setting of classroom on student academic performance

What are the effect of classroom setting on student academic performance

Is there any relationship between overcrowding and setting of classroom

What are the factors responsible for the teacher use to assess the student.


The study is important for several reason first, the findings will help teachers to identify the problem. In large classes with high crowding and how they can address the problem.

Second, it will provide comprehensive information for education planners, education, and patent how they can assist students to cope in overcrowding classes.

Third, this research work will lead to further ofindepth study on the effect of overcrowding and classroom setting on the students academic performance students in Nigeria.

Lastly, it was seen as a contribution to knowledge on overcrowding and classroom setting and it will be useful for others who might want to carryout research in related areas.


This research work focuses on the effect of overcrowding and classroom setting on the student academic performance objective using some selected secondary schools in Abeokuta South Local Government area of Ogun State.


Effect: a particular look, sound or impression that somebody, such as an artist to show that you are giving the general meaning of what somebody has said or written rather than the exact wounds.

Overcrowding: the crowding of the study comprises of some selected senior secondary has phenomenon often mentional in the educational.

Classroom: this is a room where a class of pupils or students are taught.

Setting: refer to as a place and condition in which something happens or exists.

Students: this is a pupil a learner, or someone who attends an educational institution

Academics: Belonging to the school or philosophy of plato; as the academic sect or philosophy.

Performance: in the performing arts, generally comprises an event in which a performer or group of performers present on a more works of art of an audiences.




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