THE IMPACT OF AUDIO VISUAL AIDS IN THE TEACHING AND LEARNING OF SOCIAL STUDIES IN SELECTED SECONDARY SCHOOLS
This project work was undertaken to survey the use of audio visual aids in the teaching and learning of Social studies in some selected secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area of Edo State. To find solution to the problems which gave to undertaking the survey questionnaires were raised to check the availability use and the attitude of teachers towards audio/visual aids in language teaching in the selected secondary school in the local government areas of study. From the findings it was discovered that audio/visual aids are not available in schools therefore teachers teach the various language skills without the required basic aids. Recommendations were therefore made to the appropriate authorities to provide and maintain audio/visual aids in the teaching of Social studies so as to enhance the promotion of learning among pupils towards improved yearly performance and daily use.
TABLE OF CONTENT
Statement of the problem
Delimitation and scope of the study
Limitation of the study
Purpose of the study
Significance of the study
Data analysis and discussion
Teaching and learning activities are interesting when instructional materials are used effectively and efficiently in a classroom-teaching situation. It is necessary for the teacher in the learning of English in Nigeria to use visual aid material as instructional tools in order to make their teaching more interesting that is to arouse the learning interest, sustain their attention for effective learning. But the problem in many secondary schools in OSUN State as else where in Nigeria is that of the instructional material like audio/visuals are not available and even where they are, the teachers do not use them effectively.
The reason for this attitude may be because teachers engage themselves in so many other relevant or irrelevant activities. The desire and haste of some teacher to cover the syllabus or scheme of work instead of making their teaching more meaningful and imparting. Often time some teaching goals depend on material for planning and utilization of instructional material for some teacher the production of instructional material is only for passing their examination the training college and not for actual use in the classroom.
There is also problem of non-availability of audio/visual for which teachers alone may not be blamed. The heads often do not motivate the teacher in terms of providing instructional materials.
Furthermore, most school lack of funds and as a result, they find it difficult to purchase the required audio/visual aid.
Generally, failure to use audio/visual material in the teaching of Social studies result in lack of interest among student in learning activities which affect performance in school and pupils not being able to assimilate lesson at their own rate and pace.
STATEMENT OF PROBLEM
The secondary aim of this study is finding out all about the use of visual aid in teaching of English in some selected secondary schools in Oredo Local Government Area, Osun State.
It is observed that most teacher of Social studies in the secondary school does not use audio/visual aid to promote learning of this crucial subject.
For the purpose of this study, the following questions were posed.
1. Are audio/visual aid provided for use in the teaching of English in school?
2. Is it through the government provision that the aid are made available, or is it the school authority concerned that make the provision?
DELIMITATION OF THE SCOPE OF STUDY
This study was conducted in selected secondary school in Oredo Local Government Area Osun State. For out of all the schools were randomly selected and the schools include.
a. Iwo road grammar school gbongon .
b. Oduduwa grammar school Ile Ife.
c. Anglican secondary commercial grammar school Ile Ife St peter.
d. Anglican grammar school Ile Ife Gbongon Odeomum Grammar School.
LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Some of the limitation which researcher had to content with in the course of carrying out the study are as follows.
Lack of adequate finance to the project of a satisfactory level of interest.
Inadequate time to cover more number of schools as the available time had the constraint of mainstream course work lecture attendance.
Inadequate source of material for review for owing to non-availability of time to extend the scope of research for such more enriching materials.
In the school under investigation, there was on readily expected cooperation, forth coming from the respective school staff.
PURPOSE OF THE STUDY
The purpose of this project work is to identify the following.
1. Making teaching and learning more interesting and giving student opportunity to participate.
2. Examining the effect of audio/visual aid material in student’s performance.
3. Identify some of the problem, which inhibit the use of audio/visual materials.
4. Offering suggestion on how effectively and efficiently to with the use of audio/visual material.
SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The significance of this study is to examine the importance of audio/visual aid in the teaching of reading Social studies in secondary schools.
This study will aid in spelling pronunciation and fluency of student in reading
It will suggest meaningful way of handing the aid to bring about positive change in the student-reading pattern. It will also help to suggest relevant aid to be used for each of the class concerned it will as well suggest areas and how to make the aid available to the school that are lacking.
This chapter deals with the literature review the use of audio/visual aid in the teaching of reading in Social studies in secondary schools.
Judging from many write up, it is obvious that many educationists have made great effort to write on the use of instructional material in the teaching of reading and the problem involved there in. it is on this ground that the researcher deemed it necessary to undertake the study of the use of audio/visual aid in the teaching of reading in Ayeda Road Local Government Area Osun State to find out the way these aid used and their importance.
This is facilitated by the study of related topics and collection of relevant data.
Writing on the teaching area in reading in Nigeria secondary school, the national teachers institute in their book titled national certificate of education (NCE) course book on English (1995) stressed the need for the use of audio/visual aids in teaching and learning for extending knowledge to more people following the purpose, they explained audio/visual aids as important because they help the students to understand the language used. Aids interest, colour and variety to your lesson, which should motivate student and help the teacher to allow for individual differences in learning style and pace. Furthermore, the national certificate of education course book on education (1994) classified instructional materials into:
1. Real life object or situation, which include guided visit to places like educational resource centres.
2. Representational audio/visual materials which are recording of some real life situation and substitute preserved and reproduced for educational purpose where needed.
To buttress the importance of audio/visual aids in the teaching of reading, E. A. Efosa in his book, the problems of teaching English (1998) said that absence of certain resources like audio-visual aids/materials will place serious limitations on what the teacher can achieve. A. D. C. Peterson his technique of teaching (1996) scripted that learning a foreign language critically is more difficult and complex than was in a gained. The psychology of language learning by reading has been largely neglected. Information about word frequencies basis speech pattern and grammar mechanism is still scanty we are sure whether the traditional order of presenting a foreign language is the correct one pedagogically similarly, Mathew C. Grayson in his article (1994) is reading well taught in Nigeria said that until a child build up a good mastery of Social studies through reading, on high performance will be expected in his writing expression of English.
According to Winfred Galbraith (1994) in her book said we cannot teach a language we can only help some to learn and the first problem is on how to give the children in a large class enough practice in making this new noise. Furthermore, national teachers institute in their book national certificate in education (1995) state audio/visual aids are introduce in the school system for the purpose of improving the quality of teaching and learning and for extending knowledge. The same book went further to say that audio/visual aids like radio, are introduced into educational system of our country so that we (learners) can benefit from the following.
1. The learner benefit from skilled and experts teaching from the radio.
2. The teacher comes into contact with the expert’s tutors of the special subjects in this way they gain more in knowledge and technology.
In a statement A. DC Peterson (1994) calls out mind to the saying that education is a child centered. The child easily remember the activities the child and the children has performed during a reading period clearly and reads better next time than when the teaching is done artificially, children learn to say a poem only they learn well. The best way to learn is to learn it over and over again as a whole and this is facilitated by the use of audio/visual aids/materials. The purpose of audio/visual aids as teaching aids for reading is to make the reading context meaningful preserve and extend knowledge to unlimited number of learners. It aims at improving oral speech and fluency in reading..