PERCEPTION OF TEACHERS ON THE CAUSES OF INDISCIPLINE AMONG POSTPRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KABBA AND BUNU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KOGI STATE


PERCEPTION OF TEACHERS ON THE CAUSES OF INDISCIPLINE AMONG POSTPRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KABBA AND BUNU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KOGI STATE  

ABSTRACT

Indiscipline has become a cancer eating deeply the educational sector. It connotes the violations of school rules and regulations capable of obstructing the smooth and orderly functioning of the school system. Indiscipline has become a social menace which has caused several scholars or educationist unrest and sleepless nights. Therefore, this study investigated the perception of teachers on the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students. 

Simple random sampling was used to select one hundred and fifty (150) teachers in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State. A self-designed questionnaire tagged “causes and consequences of indiscipline questionnaire (CCIQ) was used to gather the required information from the respondents. The instrument has three sections containing items that revealed demographic information, cause of indiscipline and the consequences of indiscipline among post-primary school students. 

The results revealed that the major causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students are: peer group influence which ranked 1st, poor child upbringing (home) ranked 2nd. Other causes are connected to school factors and societal factors. Six null hypotheses were formulated for the study. The variables considered are religion, sex and length of service. 

Based on the results of the findings of this study, various recommendations were made on the causes of indiscipline among secondary school students. The major determinants of indiscipline derived i.e. Home, peer group, school, society and media houses should rise up to the responsibility of setting the youths on the right track. 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

Title Page i

Approval ii

Dedication iii

Acknowledgement iv

Abstract vi

Table of Contents vii

List of Tables x

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION 

Background to the Study 1

Statement of the Problem 5

Purpose of the Study 6

Research Questions 7

Research Hypothesis 9

Scope and Delimitation of the Study 10

Operational Definition of Terms 11

Significance of the study 12

CHAPTER TWO 

REVIEW OF THE RELATED LITERATURE 

Introduction 14

Concept of Education 15

Concept of Adolescence 17

Concept of Indiscipline 18

Causes of Indiscipline 22

Solutions to Indiscipline 26

Concept of Perception 30

Summary of Review of Literature 32

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY 

Introduction 33

Research Design 33

Population Sample and Sampling Techniques 34

Instrumentation 35

Procedure for Data Collection 36

Validity of the Instrument 36

Reliability 37

Data Analysis Technique 37

CHAPTER FOUR 

RESULT OF ANALYSIS

Introduction 38

Distribution of the Bio-data 38

Hypotheses Testing 45

Summary of Findings 54

CHAPTER FIVE

DISCUSSION, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

Introduction 56

Discussion 57

Conclusion 66

Recommendations 67

Suggestions for further studies 69

References 71

Appendix 74

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: Distribution of Respondents based on 

Gender 38

Table 2: Distribution of Respondents based on 

Religion 39

Table 3: Distribution of Respondents based on 

Experiences 40

Table 4: The Causes of Indiscipline in Post Primary 

schools as expressed by teachers 41

Table 5: The Consequences of Indiscipline in post 

primary schools as expressed by Teachers 44

Table 6: Difference on the causes of Indiscipline 

among Post Primary Students as Expressed

by teachers on the basis of religion 46

Table 7: Duncan Multiple Range Test of Differences 47

Table 8: Difference on the Consequences of Indiscipline 

among Post Primary Students as Expressed 

by Teachers on the Basis of Religion 48

Table 9: Duncan Multiple Range Test of Differences 48

Table 10: Difference on the causes of Indiscipline 

among Post Primary Students as Expressed 

by Teachers on the Basis of Length 49

Table 11: Duncan Multiple Range Test of Differences 50

Table 12: Difference on the Consequences of 

Indiscipline among Post Primary Students 

as Expressed by Teachers on the Basis of 

Length of Service 51

Table 13: Difference on the Causes of Indiscipline 

among Post Primary Students as Expressed 

by Teachers on the Basic of Sex 52

Table 14: Difference on the Consequences of 

Indiscipline among Post Primary Students 

as Expressed by Teachers on the Basis 

of Sex 53

CHAPTER ONE 

INTRODUCTION 

Background to the Study 

An almost universal anxiety exists in relation to curbing indiscipline in the schools. We have visions of loosing control to the extent that students are at best ignored and this makes them to engage in several undesirable acts. The issue of indiscipline demands our serious consideration and resolution because of its visible impediment to national growth and development. 

Indiscipline is a derivative of the word discipline. In an attempt to discuss indiscipline intensively, we need to discuss the concept of ‘discipline’. Discipline is a multifaceted concept that is essential if effective learning and learning will take place in the school. According to the chamber twentieth century dictionary: discipline is a mode of life in accordance with rules; subjection to control. 

Akinboye (1982) viewed discipline as a procedure of rules and strategies which lead the child to manage his/her behaviour patterns in such a way that he/she is able to maintain socially and culturally acceptable order. Discipline represents a successful resolution of conflict between what an individual was to do and the limitations and restrictions imposed by the society in which he lives (Jimoh, 2002). 

Adesina, (1980) defined discipline with reference to the school system as how students are taught to respect the school authorities, to observe the school laws and regulations and to maintain an established standard of behaviour. 

‘Discipline’ in the school is now passing through an extended eclipse. The problem of indiscipline permeates all facets of our life. It is better pictured by a cartoonist showing an agile horse ready to move but bugged and tied down by an ugly looking archer who is named “Indiscipline” (Yaroson, 2004). 

Indiscipline is the direct opposite of discipline, Aiyepeku (1987) defines indiscipline as any act that does not conform with the societal values and norms. He further stated that behaviours that are termed as acts of indiscipline as any and norms. He further stated that behaviours that are termed as acts of indiscipline in the school context include; stealing, rudeness, lateness e.t.c. 

Okoye (1986), opined that behaviours that run counter to the values and expectation of the society and order of a community can be referred to as deviant behaviour. Omoegun (1995) noted that the school comprises of students from different homes and thus producer a complex set of behaviours which they exhibit positively or negatively. 

So many measures have been taken to reduce indiscipline to a minimal level in our society. War Against Indiscipline (WAI) was launched on the 20th of March 1984 by the regime of Buhari/Idiagbon to maintain discipline. Also ICPC, EFCC were also launched among others to deal with various cases of indiscipline. Today, the society is characterized with various forms of misconduct such as cultism, teenage parenting, drug addiction examination malpractices, delinquency, foul language,  embezzlement, bribery, mismanagement as outlined by Asonibare and Mordi (1984). 

The best way to solve a problem as observe by Morgan (1995), is to identify the causal factors, it is in this regard that a study on the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students in the recent time is considered appropriate.   

The choice of Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State is necessitated by the recent report that Kogi State is rated 2nd on the list of states involved in examination malpractice for the years 2002 – 2004 WAEC and NECO Exams; this indeed is a gross act of indiscipline. Also, in 2009, a female student in SS (1) slapped a male teacher in one of the selected schools (Local government comprehensive secondary school, Kabba) for attempting to correct her. Similarly a group of JSS 3 students left the class for a palm wine joint, drink themselves to stupor and returned back to the class, only to start destroying things. 

In view of the above background, a study on the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students in considered appropriate.

Statement of the Problem 

Indiscipline has become a cancer eating deeply the educational sector and this situation therefore needs urgent attention several considerable works has been done on indiscipline from the review of literature. Such as Sutherland and Crespey (1960), Fasina (2001), Dixon (1967), Jimoh (2002), Adegoke (2003), to mention but a few. Most of these educationists based their work on causes of indiscipline and how to maintain discipline in schools. for instance, Jimoh (2002) based his work on causes of indiscipline among the youth while Adegoke (2003) dedicated his work to teenage pregnancy and abortion as an act of indiscipline. 

Most people often blame teachers for the misbehaviour of post-primary school students while the teachers in turn attributes such misconduct to parents. Hence, there is need to investigate the cause of indiscipline among post-primary school students as perceived by the teachers to ascertain likely solutions to this problem.

Purpose of the Study 

The purpose of this study is to find out the perception of teachers on causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State. The researcher tends to investigate and solicits the teachers opinion on the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students. 

It also looked into the extent to which indiscipline ahs affected post-primary schools in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area and profer possible solutions. 

Research Questions

Based on the statement of the problem, the following research questions were posed to guide the conduct of this study and its analysis. 

(1) What are the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area as expressed by the teachers? 

(2) What are the consequences of indiscipline among students in post-primary school as expressed by teachers?  

(3) Is there differences on the causes of discipline among students in post-primary school as expressed by the teachers on the basis of sex? 

(4) Is there difference on the consequences of indiscipline among students in post-primary school as expressed by teachers on the basis of sex? 

(5) Is there differences on the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students as perceived by teachers on the basis of religion? 

(6) Is there difference on the consequences of indiscipline among students in post-primary school as expressed by teachers on basis of religion? 

(7) Is there difference in the perception of teachers on the causes of indiscipline among post-primary school students on the basis of length of service? 

(8) Is there difference on the consequences of indiscipline among students in post-primary school as expressed by teachers on the basis of length of service? 

Research Hypothesis

For the purpose of this study, eight null hypothesis were formulated as follow: 

(1) There is no significant different on the causes of indiscipline among students of post-primary school as expressed by teachers on the basis of religion. 

(2) There is no significant difference on the consequences of indiscipline among post-primary school students as expressed by teachers on the basis of religion. 

(3) There is no significant difference on the causes of indiscipline among post-priamry school students as expressed by teachers on the basis of length of service. 

(4) There is no significant difference on the consequences of indiscipline among post-primary school students as expressed by teachers on the basis of length of services. 

(5) There is no significant difference on the causes of indiscipline among students of post-primary schools as expressed by teachers on the basis of sex. 

(6) There is no significant difference on the consequences of indiscipline among students of post-primary schools as expressed by teachers on the basis of sex. 

Scope and Delimitation of the Study 

The study is designed to investigate the cause of indiscipline among post-primary school students as perceived by the teachers in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area of Kogi State. It involves the teachers of the selected schools. A questionnaire titled: causes and consequences of indiscipline Questionnaire (CCIQ). 

Operational Definition of Terms

The following terms used in the study operationally defined to aid readers’ understand and to avoid misinterpretation. 

Discipline: An act of behaving in an orderly manner, obedience to rules and regulations, norms, value and to have self control. 

Indiscipline: It is an act of violating laid down rules and regulations. A behavioural disorder that is classified as an act of delinquency. 

Perception: - The way one feel about something to have insight into or to be aware of an instance. 

Deviant: A person who refuses to conform to the norms of the society. 

Delinquency: A bad or criminal behaviour associated with young people or the adolescents. 

Significance of the study 

This research work will be useful to parents, teachers, school authorities and future researchers. The result of this study would be of importance to school administrators who are saddled with the responsibility of finding out the increased wave of indiscipline among post-primary school students and how to curb it. 

It will also enable teachers to inculcate good moral attitudes into students and use good methods of teaching. 

Bojuwoye (1990) opined that indiscipline and inappropriate behaviour emanates from home; hence this study will also draw parents/guardians attention to ways of influencing their wards positively. 

The study will also help secondary school students in Kabba/Bunu Local Government Area, their parents and the society at large in identifying the causes of indiscipline and proffer suitable solutions to it. 

Finally, it is expected that the result of this study would furnish future researchers with useful data as well as pave way for further research in related problems. 

.

PERCEPTION OF TEACHERS ON THE CAUSES OF INDISCIPLINE AMONG POSTPRIMARY SCHOOL STUDENTS IN KABBA AND BUNU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KOGI STATE



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