EFFECTS OF LEVEL OF LITERACY OF PARENTS AND PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ILORIN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE


EFFECTS OF LEVEL OF LITERACY OF PARENTS AND PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ILORIN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE  

ABSTRACT

The study examines the effect effects of literacy of parents and pupils academic performance. The data was obtained through the use of questionnaires. The target population of the study includes parents, teachers and pupils of 20 randomly selected public and private elementary schools in Ilorin West Local Government Area. The sum of 100 copies of questionnaires was administered while 89 copies were returned and analyzed. The T-test and ANOVA was employed for the purpose of the data analysis. The result reveals that parent literacy has a significant effect (at 5% level of significance) on pupil’s academic performance. The study recommends that irrespective of gender representation, parents are endeavour to pay closer attention to the pupil’s academic performance; to enhance the pupil’s academic performance, parents are required to be have some literacy; parents are to maintain a good home as being a single parent has proven ineffective on pupil’s academic performance.  . 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

TITLE PAGE …………………………………………………………………….......i

DECLARATION……………………………………………………………………ii

CERTIFICATION ………………………………………………………………….iii

DEDICATION……………………………………………………………………....iv

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT…………………………………………………………..v

TABLE OF CONTENT…………………………………………………………….vi

ABSTRACT…………………………………...…………………………… …   ….x

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION……………………………………………1

BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY…………………………………………………1

STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM…………………………………………………2

RESEARCH QUESTIONS …………………………………………………………3

RESEARCH HYPOTHESES………………………………………………..………3

PURPOSE OF THE STUDY……...………………………………………………….4

SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY …………………………………………..……..4

SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF THE STUDY………………………………..……4

DEFINITION OF TERMS…………………………………………………..….……4

CHAPTER TWO: REVIEW OF LITERATURES

INTRODUCTION………………………………….…………………………….…6

CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK …………………………………………………..6

PARENTS’ LITERACY LEVELS IN RELATION TO LEARNER PERFORMAN.6

THE EFFECTS OF LITERACY ON PARENTS THEMSELVES ………………....9

REVIEW OF EMPIRICAL STUDIES……………………………….....................20

THEORETICAL FRAMEWORK…………………………………………………22

IMPACT OF PARENTAL EDUCATION ON CHILDREN’S ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE 23

CHAPTER THREE: METHODOLOGY

INTRODUCTION …………………………………………………………………23

RESEARCH DESIGN……………………………………………………………...24

POPULATION OF THE STUDY…………………………………………………24

SAMPLE AND SAMPLING TECHNIQUE………………………………………24

RESEARCH INSTRUMENT ………………………………………………………24

VALIDITY AND RELIABILITY OF THE INSTRUMENT ……………………..25

PROCEDURE FOR  DATA COLLECTION………………………………………26

METHOD OF DATA ANALYSIS ………………………………………………..27

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS AND RESULTS

INTRODUCTION………..………………………………………………………...29

BACKGROUND VARIABLES………………………………………….………..29

ANSWERING RESEARCH QUESTIONS………………………………………30

HYPOTHESIS TESTING…………………………………………..……….……..37

SUMMARY OF MAJOROF FINDINGS …………………………………………39

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

INTORDUCTION………………………………………………………………….40

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS……………………………………………………….42

CONCLUSION………………………………………………….…………….……43

RECOMMENDATIONS………………………………………………….…..……43

LIMITATION OF THE STUDY……………………………………………………44

REFERENCES……………………………………………………………..……….45

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION 

Background to the Study 

Education can be regarded as the most important path through which the child’s potential can be developed. In order for the child’s potential to be developed, teachers and parents need to work together to ensure that the child develops to the best of his or her ability (Dipontsheng 2010). Kok and Rambiyana (2002) cited in Dipontsheng (2010) indicate that education should not be offered for the sake of the school but for the child, family, the community and even the state.

Parents that are intelligent academicians, well educated and professionals provide their children with a favourable environment to motivate or encourage them to develop similar interest and perform well in their parent’s subject areas (Ozurumba, Briggs, Ebuara, and Emanghe, 2007). 

In a study of educational achievement of institutions of learning of education and uneducated homes in western Nigeria, Ogunlade (1995) cited in Ozurumba et al (2007) that children of illiterate homes perform worse than their counterparts from the education homes. Students from this home also study and concentrate in the class a lot more than the former. Wilton (1975) confirmed the significant relationship between educational background and academic performance. Bamisaiye and 

Williams (1971) supported the observations on two of the family background, the elite and traditional household, that the family set up affect the child degree of verbal behaviours, their instruction attitudes, and communication which in turn affects the child academic performance in several courses. Entwisted and Nisbet (1977) on the child study attributed academic performance at school to the parents attitudes and their level of educational attainment children from the parents who have high interest in science subjects tend to imbibe some attitude towards parental professional occupational subjects which affects their academic performance.

Smart (1992) cited in Entwisted and Nisbet (1977) has concluded, that in most homes today, it is apparent that parents educational level correlate positively with the academic performance of their children, for better educated parents are more likely to give their children practice in their school subjects at home, go to school to find out their progress report and assignment records and function as achievement models

According to Kibaara and Ndirangu (2014) children have two main educators in their lives: their parents and their teachers at school. Parents are the prime educators until the children attend nursery or start school and remain a major influence on the children’s learning through school and beyond. There is no clear line to show where parents’ input stops and the teachers’ input begins. The parents and the school both have crucial roles to play and the impact is greater if parents and schools work in partnership (Scott, 2003). Many parents are already involved in their children’s 

education. Research findings reveal that engaging in leisure activities such as artistic and music related leisure, reading for pleasure and writing for pleasure all have positive effects. Each of them increases the likelihood of getting a first degree, taking a course in adult education and being a member of a voluntary organisation. According to Robson (2003), these activities also raise earnings potential in later life.  

Today, parental involvement in education of their children is one of the most important ongoing discussions in the field of education. There is a remarkable boost to the learners’ academic success when parents are involved in their education (Eliason and Jenkins, 2003) cited in Kibaara and Ndirangu (2014). In some cases, more attention is given on the decline of educational achievement among students. Kieni-West sub-County is a semi arid area and in most cases the residents experience prolonged drought. The parents have to travel long distances in search of food when there is no rain and the children are not left behind. Most pupils miss classes and accompany their parents to go and work on people’s shambas to earn extra cash or be paid with food such as potatoes or maize (Hussein, 2010). Due to lack of proper follow-up, the area is faced with a high percentage of children not attaining quality grades. 

Therefore, this paper examined the effects of literacy of parents and pupils academic performance. 

Statement of the Problem 

According to Ozurumba et.al, (2007), poor academic performance amongst Federal Capital Territory pupils of elementary school has constituted a serious problem and has become a cause for concern to most parents in different ways. Government and school heads have been unable to provide adequate solution to the students’ poor academic performance. Parents have been partly blamed for failing to lay the right foundation in their children, through informal education. This problem has contributed to a loss of reputation by affected elementary schools of learning in the area.

 Research Questions 

This research work intends to answer the questions below:  

1. What is the academic performance of pupils in English language in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara state?

2. Does parent’s gender influence pupil’s academic performance in English language Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State?

3. Does parent’s academic qualification influence pupil’s academic performance in English language in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State?

4. Does parent’s marital status influence pupil’s academic performance in English language in Ilorin West Local Government Area of Kwara State? 

Research Hypotheses

The two hypotheses below were formulated to guide the study, 

Ho1: There is no significant effect of parents’ level of education on the academic performance of pupils.

Ho2: There is no significant effect of parents’ level of education on themselves. 

Purpose of the Study

The purpose of this study was to critically ascertain the effects of parental level of education on academic performance of students in Ilorin West Local Government, Kwara State. The project intends to find out the effects of level of literacy of parents and academic performance of pupils in Ilorin West Local Government Area. 

Significance of the study 

It is hope that the findings of this study will make various educational stakeholders like head teachers, Parents and Teachers Associations to understand the effects of level of literacy of parents on academic performances of pupils and therefore put appropriate measures to counter the problem. 

The study will also help educational planners and policy makers to understand the relevant educational policies to be used to improve pupil’s academic performance irrespective of their parents’ level of literacy. 

It is also hoped that the findings of this study will help parents with negative attitude towards education to change their negative attitude and start to assist pupils do homework while at home in order to improve their academic performance.

Scope and Limitations of the Study

The study focused on eight selected public primary schools in Ilorin West Local Government. It focused on the effects of level of literacy of parents and academic performance of pupils. Three hundred primary six pupils, twenty head masters and fifty teachers were sampled for the study. 

The proposed study was faced with some limitations. First, in some schools, the required information was missing.  

Secondly, accessibility to some schools was a challenge due to poor terrain and means of transport available. 

Finally, respondents especially pupils who sat for Common Entrance Examination were not available to give first-hand information.

Definition of Terms 

Literacy: ability to read and write.

Performance: the measurement of ability of pupils in understanding the task before him or her and the response given to such task. 

Parents: a person’s father and mother who are responsible for taking care and educating of the person. 

Students: a person who attends school to learn 

.

EFFECTS OF LEVEL OF LITERACY OF PARENTS AND PUPILS ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE IN ILORIN WEST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, KWARA STATE



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.ORG
Researchwap.org is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.org guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.org is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.org" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.