ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION INFORMATION SYSTEM


ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION INFORMATION SYSTEM    

ABSTRACT

Electricity is not only ingrained in modern life, it is also critical for its continued existence, as electricity will soon be the main source of power produced world-wide. In a developing country like Nigeria, the state of power generation by the national electricity generation board is unappreciable. Consequently, institutions such as the Universities will have to rely on their own generated source of power supply which runs on fuel.  Due to the costs incurred in running power generating plants on fuel, it becomes essential for the power generated to be rationed as full electric power supply for all the various units of the institution will be expensive. This project is focused at the research into the development of a database of electrical power distribution in the university community for control of the power plant distribution grid in order to efficiently and adequately supply the need power to the appropriate units in the institutions as at when due.

CHAPTER ONE

GENERAL INTRODUCTION

1.1      INTRODUCTION

The importance of electricity in the higher institutions of learning cannot be overemphasized. However, Electrical Power Generation in many universities in Nigeria is self generated by the institutions as the inadequate national power supply by the countries’ power generation company is insufficient to handle the electrical needs of the institution. To this end power generating plants are purchased and utilized in these institutions for the purpose of generating electric power.

A power plant is an industrial facility for the generation of electric power. At the center of nearly all power stations is a generator, a rotating machine that converts mechanical power into electrical power by creating relative motion between a magnetic field and a conductor. The energy source harnessed to turn the generator varies widely. It depends chiefly on which fuels are easily available, cheap enough and on the types of technology that the power company has access to. The  power plants are used in the universities for supplying electrical power to their buildings and infrastructures such as the academic blocks where the lectures halls exists, the administrative quarters, where the offices of the school staff are located and the hostel blocks where the students are accommodated.

1.3     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

The problems associated with providing power to the various infrastructures in the universities through the power generating plants are outlined below:

Poor Rationing: Due to efforts made by most institutions to minimize the monetary resources available for the management of the school affairs, the electric power supply is rationed amongst the various building infrastructures available in the university premises. Most often this is done with out a well defined rationing plan which amounts to some infrastructure getting more power supply than others.

Fuel Expenses: There are universities which, due to their intention to keep up with the high standards of the educational services they promise to offer, pay for the power plants to be run for the entire various infrastructures in the school. This amounts to the spending of excess funds to run the institutions.

1.3     AIMS AND OBJECTIVES

The aim of this research project is to design and implement a database of electrical power distribution in a university community for control of the power plant distribution grid in order to efficiently and adequately supply the needed power to the appropriate units in the institutions as at when due. The following objectives to be achieved after the completion of this project are outlined below: (project topics   final year project topics and research materials )

Provide a Database Driven Information System that be used to provide information for the Power Plant Grid operators so as to create a schedule which will be used to ration the power supply amongst the various infrastructure available in the institution. Identify the various infrastructures available in the school and make room for the newly proposed system to include newly built infrastructure to the system database. Implement a system that will allow for the setting and adjustments of the priority given to each building in the school based on factors such as the time of the activities done in the buildings and the days of the week.

1.4     SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

The successful implementation of this research project will ensure that the higher institutions of learning will enjoy the benefits of having electric power supply through the efficient regulation of electricity to the various building infrastructure available in the universities. Excessive money spending will be curtailed as limited resources will be utilized effectively.

1.5             SCOPE AND LIMITATION

The scope of this project will cover the development and design of a database driven electrical power distribution information system to be utilized by the operators of the power plant grid supplying electricity to the university community.

Inasmuch as this project is intended for use in institutions of higher learning in the country, this focus of this research will be limited only to BSU University.

1.6    RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

The source of data to be used for this work will come from the internet, libraries and public journals.

1.7     DEFINITION OF TERMS

Electricity: Electricity is the science, engineering, technology and physical phenomena associated with the presence and flow of electric charges. Electricity gives a wide variety of well-known electrical effects, such as lightning, static electricity, electromagnetic induction and the flow of electrical current in an electrical wire. In addition, electricity permits the creation and reception of electromagnetic radiation such as radio waves.

Electric Grid:  An electrical grid is an interconnected network for delivering electricity from suppliers to consumers. It consists of three main components: 1) power stations that produce electricity from combustible fuels (coal, natural gas, biomass) or non-combustible fuels (wind, solar, nuclear, hydro power); 2) transmission lines that carry electricity from power plants to demand centers; and 3) transformers that reduce voltage so distribution lines carry power for final delivery.

Smart Grid:  A smart grid is an electrical grid that uses computers and other technology to gather and act on information, such as information about the behaviors of suppliers and consumers, in an automated fashion to improve the efficiency, reliability, economics, and sustainability of the production and distribution of electricity.

.

ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION INFORMATION SYSTEM



TYPE IN YOUR TOPIC AND CLICK SEARCH.






RESEARCHWAP.ORG
Researchwap.org is an online repository for free project topics and research materials, articles and custom writing of research works. We’re an online resource centre that provides a vast database for students to access numerous research project topics and materials. Researchwap.org guides and assist Postgraduate, Undergraduate and Final Year Students with well researched and quality project topics, topic ideas, research guides and project materials. We’re reliable and trustworthy, and we really understand what is called “time factor”, that is why we’ve simplified the process so that students can get their research projects ready on time. Our platform provides more educational services, such as hiring a writer, research analysis, and software for computer science research and we also seriously adhere to a timely delivery.

TESTIMONIES FROM OUR CLIENTS


Please feel free to carefully review some written and captured responses from our satisfied clients.

  • "Exceptionally outstanding. Highly recommend for all who wish to have effective and excellent project defence. Easily Accessable, Affordable, Effective and effective."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "I saw this website on facebook page and I did not even bother since I was in a hurry to complete my project. But I am totally amazed that when I visited the website and saw the topic I was looking for and I decided to give a try and now I have received it within an hour after ordering the material. Am grateful guys!"

    Hilary Yusuf, United States International University Africa, Nairobi, Kenya.
  • "Researchwap.org is a website I recommend to all student and researchers within and outside the country. The web owners are doing great job and I appreciate them for that. Once again, thank you very much "researchwap.org" and God bless you and your business! ."

    Debby Henry George, Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, USA.
  • "Great User Experience, Nice flows and Superb functionalities.The app is indeed a great tech innovation for greasing the wheels of final year, research and other pedagogical related project works. A trial would definitely convince you."

    Lamilare Valentine, Kwame Nkrumah University, Kumasi, Ghana.
  • "I love what you guys are doing, your material guided me well through my research. Thank you for helping me achieve academic success."

    Sampson, University of Nigeria, Nsukka.
  • "researchwap.com is God-sent! I got good grades in my seminar and project with the help of your service, thank you soooooo much."

    Cynthia, Akwa Ibom State University .
  • "Sorry, it was in my spam folder all along, I should have looked it up properly first. Please keep up the good work, your team is quite commited. Am grateful...I will certainly refer my friends too."

    Elizabeth, Obafemi Awolowo University
  • "Am happy the defense went well, thanks to your articles. I may not be able to express how grateful I am for all your assistance, but on my honour, I owe you guys a good number of referrals. Thank you once again."

    Ali Olanrewaju, Lagos State University.
  • "My Dear Researchwap, initially I never believed one can actually do honest business transactions with Nigerians online until i stumbled into your website. You have broken a new legacy of record as far as am concerned. Keep up the good work!"

    Willie Ekereobong, University of Port Harcourt.
  • "WOW, SO IT'S TRUE??!! I can't believe I got this quality work for just 3k...I thought it was scam ooo. I wouldn't mind if it goes for over 5k, its worth it. Thank you!"

    Theressa, Igbinedion University.
  • "I did not see my project topic on your website so I decided to call your customer care number, the attention I got was epic! I got help from the beginning to the end of my project in just 3 days, they even taught me how to defend my project and I got a 'B' at the end. Thank you so much researchwap.com, infact, I owe my graduating well today to you guys...."

    Joseph, Abia state Polytechnic.
  • "My friend told me about ResearchWap website, I doubted her until I saw her receive her full project in less than 15 miniutes, I tried mine too and got it same, right now, am telling everyone in my school about researchwap.com, no one has to suffer any more writing their project. Thank you for making life easy for me and my fellow students... Keep up the good work"

    Christiana, Landmark University .
  • "I wish I knew you guys when I wrote my first degree project, it took so much time and effort then. Now, with just a click of a button, I got my complete project in less than 15 minutes. You guys are too amazing!."

    Musa, Federal University of Technology Minna
  • "I was scared at first when I saw your website but I decided to risk my last 3k and surprisingly I got my complete project in my email box instantly. This is so nice!!!."

    Ali Obafemi, Ibrahim Badamasi Babangida University, Niger State.
  • To contribute to our success story, send us a feedback or please kindly call 2348037664978.
    Then your comment and contact will be published here also with your consent.

    Thank you for choosing researchwap.com.