THE EFFECT OF BUDGETARY CONTROL ON THE PROFIT PERFORMANCE OF COMPANY IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF NIGERIA BOTTLING CO PLC)
TABLE OF CONTENT
Table of content
CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION
1.1 Background to the study
1.2 Statement of research problem
1.3 Objectives of the study
1.4 Scope of the study
1.5 Significant of the study
1.6 Hypothesis testing
1.7 Limitation of the study
1.8 Definition of terms
CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW
2.1 Purpose of budgetary control
2.2 He fundamental principle of budgetary control
2.3 Objectives of budgetary control
2.4 Advantages and weakness of budgetary control
2.5 Types of budget
2.6 Installation of budgetary control
2.7 Budget manual
2.8 Master budget
2.9 Human factors of budgetary control
2.10 Budgetary control and its effective us
CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH METHODOLOGY
3.1 Population and sample size
3.2 Sources of data
3.3 Data collection method
3.4 Method of data analysis
3.5 Profile of the case study
CHAPTER FOUR: DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS
4.1 Analysis of Bio data
4.2 Statistical analysis of responses
4.3 Testing of hypothesis
SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION
1.1 BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY
Any research inquire is aimed at empirical reality which exist outside the mind of the observe. The aim of this research therefore is to understand the significance effect of budgetary control on the profit performance of Nigeria company.
The success of an enterprises depends largely on the establishment and execution it’s quantitative and qualitative course of action prepared and approved prior to the defined period of time (Lucet, 2004).
Budgetary control is therefore sees as a wheel that rolls the organization towards the achievement of it’s long and short term cooperate objective it is therefore evident from the above assertion that the effectiveness of budgetary control can not be over emphasized.
Over the tears the budgetary controls have not been able to achieve the desired result due to certain inadequate and deficiencies which constitute both technical and human defects (omolehinwa, 2000).
Most industries in Nigeria today are face with the problem of forecasting future event like inflation rate and cost behaviour due to unstable economy especially since the introduction of structural adjustment programmes (SAP) In 1986 Lated in Omolehinwa 200).
This project work therefore look into the effect of budgetary control on the profit performance of company in Nigeria with focus on manufacturing industries and how the aforementioned inadequate and deficiencies could be rectified.
1.2 STATEMENT OF RESEARCH PROBLEM
The following are some of the problem of this research
(a) is the attitude of management towards budgeting process a positive one?
(b) What has been the performance of budgeting as a managerial control tool in manufacturing industries?
(c) What are the problem been faced in relation to budgeting control in organization
(d) How could the problems associated with budget can be could in other to achieve the stated objectives of the organization
(e) To what extent has budgeting achieved its objective in organization
(f) Does budgeting really same time and aid quick production and effective performance in an organization
(g) Has budgeting system been able to achieve the objective of cost reduction and revenue maximization.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The main objectives of this research work is to analysis critically the effect of budgetary control of the profit performance of company in Nigeria in a manufacturing industry and the general problem of effect of profit performance of modern business organization and suggested possible solution.
Specific objective of this project work include the following
a. To ascertain the effect of budget on revenue generation in manufacturing industries
b. To examine the problem being faced in relation to effect of budgeting control in organization and provide likely solution.
c. To know the contribution of budgetary control in achievement of organization objective
d. How budgeting control has its own deficiency when its being affected by economic condition these are inflation and seasonal variation government pronouncement and others
e. To identify whether the budgetary control system has brought about cost reduction in production and services rendered by the organization.
SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The project on the effect of budgetary control on the profit performance o the company with a case study of Nigeria bottling co plc 7up.
Research work to be carried out includes the analysis of the effectiveness of budgetary control in the profit performance of the company and direct question on how it affect the Nigeria industries
1.5 SINGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY
the study has enable us to know the significant of the budgetary control and effect of profit performance in Nigeria company. It also help us to know the relevant of budgetary control in Nigeria industry.
On the completion of this research work it will serve as a reference of part of several institution and person. It will be better appreciated by Nigeria industries and entire public enterprise those body should seek to improve on the are of lapses and where the role of budgetary control has been undermined as they shall be highlighted in this research work.
It will also serve as a pouter for potential weal and foreign company who will discover the humorous opportunities that derived from this research work.
The government will also benefit from this research work as it shall attempt to encourage public participation in budgetary planning.
Scholars will greatly benefit from this work because it shall add to their existing knowledge of budgetary control on how it affect the profit performance of Nigeria company.
1.6 HYPOTHESIS TESTING
It is a test performed in order to very whether an hypothesis is true or false it is also populated for the purpose of accepting or rejecting of an assumption.
Ho – Budgetary control does not contribute to the accruement of organizational objective.
HA – Budgeting is no longer useful in managerial control of cost reduction and revenue generation.
1.7 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
Here are limitation attributed to the problems under the study- these are
i. Time constraints
iii. The information which may not be released by companies staff due to the agreement of secrecy and confidentiality.
iv. For the purpose of this research effect of budgetary control in manufacturing companies, for cursed, it is for cused in operating and financial budget which is otherwise know as “master – budget rather than capital budget”.
1.8 DEFINITION OF TERMS
BUDGET: A budget can be defined as a financial and/ or quantitative statement prepared and approved prior to a defined period of time usually showing anticipated revenue or income and expenditure to be insure in a given accounting period so as to achieve a basis goal or objective for the organization or establishment it is a blue print plan for future activities (KOLAWOLE 2006).
BUDGET COMMITTEE: Committee responsible for the preparation of budget usually headed by the chief executive of the organization and comprising of the various functional head of department of their representative (OMOLEHINWA, 2000).
BUOGERARY PLANNING: IS defined as establishments of short term goal designed and incorporated from the long term corporate objective of an organization such that short term goal is based on budget (MUBARAQ 2000).
BUDGET CONTROL: is part of overall system of responsibility accounting within an organization. It is a system of accounting in which cost and revenue is analyzed in accordance with area of personal responsibilities so that performance of budget holds can be monitored (ADENIYI, 2004).
BUDGET MANUAL: Is an instruction or information manual about the way the budget operates in the particular organization and reasons for having a budget (ADENIYI, 2004).
BUDGET CENTRE: A budget centre is a department of the organization that is capable of having it’s own separate budget.
BUDGET TEAM: The budget term is created at the beginning of the budgeting system and the total participants depends upon the 20o size, number of department and financial capability of the company the budget team debate on various budget to be adopted.
Literature review involves the systematic identification, location and analysis of document containing information related to the research problem.
Literature review help to sharpen, define, and understand the existing knowledge in the problem under study. This section therefore contain systematic identification about the subject mater under the following sub-heading: concept of budgetary control, budgeting process, types of budget, techniques of budgetary control and problem of budgetary control..