THE CONCEPT OF GREEN ACCOUNTING IN NIGERIA (A CASE STUDY OF CHEVRON)
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
The evolution of green accounting was to provide for the accurate information in the firm’s annual report regarding the cost incurred in environmental activities and how many deliberate intervention costs have been incurred in order to bridge the gap between marginal social and private costs. The fact that many firms engage in production and manufacturing activities are faced with cost emanating from environmental pollution and degradation, it is essential these firms develop green-cost responsiveness, by disclosing such green costs in their annual reports and accounts (Hoje, Kim & Park, 2014; Ezejiofor, Racheal &Chigbo, 2016). When firms disclose their green costs, it is believed it makes the firm responsive (Shelly, Fust & Lisa, 2007; Cortez & Cudia, 2011; Muller, Mendelsohn & Nordhaus, 2011); The firm has the option to minimizeits costs in the medium- and long-term (Hasan & Hakan, 2012), and it is also the fundamental determinant of profitability/performance (Lee, Pati & Roh, 2011; Okoye &Ezejiofor, 2013; Jeroh&Okoro, 2016). Also, firms in the non-consumer goods sub-sector cause a lot of environmental problems. Hence, these firms are expected to be green accounting responsive. The study seeks to appraise the concept of green accounting in Nigeria. A case study of chevron.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The operations of many firms has led to the degradation of the environment and in spite of the provisions of laws and regulations to protect the environment from harmful effects and for the compensation of the affected communities, many firms are yet to comply. According to D. E. Emeakponuzo and M. Udih (2015), the problems of non- observance of green accounting in Nigeria is associated with lack of suitable technology and regulatory framework, infrastructuredeficiencies, high level of corruption and the absence of appropriate green accounting models or techniques.The problem confronting the study is to appraise the concept of green accounting in Nigeria. A case study of chevron.
1.3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY
The Main Objective of the study is toappraise the concept of green accounting in Nigeria. A case study of chevron;The specific objectives include:
1. To determine the nature and concept of green accounting.
2. To appraise the relevance of green accounting in Nigeria.
3. To proffer an analysis of the effect of green accounting in chevron.
1.4 RESEARCH QUESTIONS
1. What is the nature and concept of green accounting?
2. What is the relevance of green accounting in Nigeria?
3. What isthe effect of green accounting in chevron?
1.5 STATEMENT OF THE HYPOTHESES
The statement of the hypotheses for the study is stated in Null as follows:
Ho1: The observance of green accounting in chevron is low.
Ho2: The effect of green accounting in chevron is low.
1.6 SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY
The study provides an understanding and relevance of green accounting in contemporary society.
1.7 SCOPE OF THE STUDY
The study focuses on the appraisal of the concept of green accounting in Nigeria. A case study of chevron.
1.8 LIMITATION OF THE STUDY
The study was confronted with logistics and geographical factors.
1.9 DEFINITION OF TERMS
GREEN ACCOUNTING DEFINED
The evolution of green accounting was to provide for the accurate information in the firm’s annual report regarding the cost incurred in environmental activities and how many deliberate intervention costs have been incurred in order to bridge the gap between marginal social and private costs.
Income is defined as income earned by an individual.
Savings constitutes that amount of money set aside for future use rather than money spent immediately.
These are persons or group of persons, living together in the same house hold unit.
Accounting is defined as the recording of financial transactions and the storing, sorting, retrieving, summarizing, and presenting the results in various reports and analysis.
FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING DEFINED
The aspect of accounting required by outside users such as balance sheet, income statement, etc.
MANAGEMENT ACCOUNTING DEFINED
These are the accounting information meant for the management of the firm for controlling purpose and decision making of things which affect the firm as a whole. Such as budgets, standards for controlling operations, and estimating selling prices.
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