The primary aim of the project is to throw more light on the impact of formal and informal organization structure types of formal and informal organization structure and usefulness of formal and informal organization structure.

The formal structure organization is when human interaction, job expectation rules and procedures etc are clearly stated and followed.

The Impacts of formal structure in an organization is:

a. To establish efficient and lobibal pattern of interrelationships among members of the groups.

b. To secure advantages if specialization where by optimum utilization of talent can be realized

c. To co-ordinate activities of the component in order to facilitate the realization of the goals of the organization 

Informal organization could be defined as any joint personal activity without joint purpose.

The impact of informal organization is:

a. For companionship, interaction and to share experience

b. For security and protection of member from threats and outside aggression

c. To advance position and work for the benefit of member. And this is usually accomplished through solidarity.

d. From communication to member of facts and humors about events at the job place.

The chapter one of the project is focused on the historical background of the project follow by the introduction, the definition of organization formal and informal organization the statement of the study and objective of the study scope of the study and definition of terms.

In chapter two of the project, discussion is based on literature review, the importance difference exist in formal and informal organization merit and demerite of formal and informal organization.

The chapter three of this research work discussed the research methodology also touches the method of survey and sampling method.

The chapter four of the research consist of data anlysis of data presentation.

In chapter five of this finding shall comprise the summary of the findings conclusions and recommendation


2.0 Title Page

3.0 Certification

4.0 Dedication

5.0 Acknowledgment

6.0 Table of content

7.0 Abstract

8.0 CHAPTER ONE background of the study

8.1 Statement of the problem 

8.2 Objective of the study

8.3 Significance of the study

8.4 Research question

8.5 Statement of hypothesis

8.6 Scope of the study

8.7 Limitation of the study

8.8 Definition of terms

8.9 Plans of the study

9.0 CHAPTER TWO literature review

9.1 School of though on organization structure

9.2 Type of organization structure

9.3 Statement of organization structure

9.4 Development in organization theory

9.5 Formal and informal organization


10.1 Source of data

10.2 Method of data collection

10.3 Population and sample size

10.4 Sampling method

10.5 Research instruction

10.6 Validity and research instrument

10.7 Method of data analysis


11.1 Data presentation

11.2 Data analysis

11.3 Data interpretation


3.1 Summary of findings

3.2 Conclusion

3.3 Recommendation


Sample questionnaire




For every research work to be done in a certain field, there must be an existing problem. The research view the researcher as a problem solution process of findings solution be a prevailing problem.

To organize is to arrange the parts so that the whole works as a system or integrated body an organization is usually planned by management in line with the basic activities of the business. The principle aims of an organization includes to ensure that every employee is responsible to one person only. That responsibility given to authority, best use of specialization and individual ability and minimum level of management. An organization is defined by davis and filly 1977 as the group of individual who are cooperating under the direction of an executive or leader for the primary purpose of accomplishing certain common objective.

Formal organization can be seen as a direct opposite of informal organization, it is a planned pattern of behaviour designed to achieve an objective formal organization come being when people are willing to act, to communicate and finally share a purpose.

Informal organization could be defined as any joint personal activity without joint purpose.

Informal organization develop in order to meet a variety of individual needs which is not meet informal organization in emergencies for instance, an informal communication network makes faster decisions possible.


There are many problems confronting the formation are structure of an organization. These have been draw and presented by the researcher with a view to discuss and apply them to know its resultant change such an organization.

Many organization face the problem of an unsuitable organizational structure. The types of organizational structure chosen should be suitable and in accordance with the nature and type of business carried out by the organization because they will go along way in enhancing the smooth running and growth of such an organization. Most organization carts are draws to emphasize the vertical hierarchy, a clear picture of this type of organization shown that all activities are fully centralized from the top level of management his continues to create problem most especially if the objective of the organization is to make profit not to serve the public for any producing company to succeed it should be capable of devising a way of eliminating delays in production so as to maintain its target.

Some organization face the problem of winding up and undergrowth due to its illegal nature, some companies are limited to certain jobs and merchandising.

We may find out that these companies if legally operated will expand more of its communication with the outside client and in turn maximize more profit.


It is very essential to have a study of this nature to enhance an even development of an organization since we can see that an organization exists to produce goods and services to satisfy customers.

With the growth in size of modern business, there is need to establish the framework around which the principle of management can be operated other wise, there will be cha as and inefficiencies.

The following are the reasons for organizational structure.

1. One of the importance of this project is to make it to be of value to the research but, also, to those at present practicing personnel management as well as those that are fully involved in the organization under standing.

2. To re-organize and delineate what desirable information is missing from the case and treat it.

3. To understand the nature and important of the central concept and the field of production and other related organization and the services they rendered to the public.

4. To clearly identify and suggest on problem arising form inefficiencies and bad organization

5. To know how much the organization process and procedure and control of it various activities for efficient performance and operations.


The present research is aimed at looking into importance of organization structure in an organization out its related to how power and authority are delegated in the organization.


1. What are the ways of provide efficient working system:?

2. How do you provide a system of communication?

3. How there been cases of clash of duties among the organization personnel?

4. What are the ways in which responsibilities are shared?

5. Among the personnel? How do you provide satisfaction


In this statement, the research question been checked and the statement i.e. outcome been given.


The scope of the study covers relevant aspects of the types and importance of organization structure in an organization, it is related to how power and authority are delegated in the organization. The case study is lavited to Cadbury Nigeria Plc.


The scope of the research work is organization structure in formal and informal organization using Cadbury Nigeria Plc as a case study in which the research was limited to a number of prevailing factor in dynamic and ever changing environment which are discussed and follow:

The research, therefore, decide to Cadbury Nigeria Plc due to the fact that other companies in this country can not be studied with the available short period.

The financial constraints inherent in traveling from one to another made it inevitable to choose one organization as a case study form which inference for generalization can be made. As it is expected of givers a systematic arrangement of work to be done.

Organization structure: It every organization the administrative manager of the company was initially not willing to co-operation, due to the research in ability to present a cover up letter from the polytechnic.


Organization: the term organization can be defined as a group of individual working in a mutually dependent relationship towards achieving a stated goal or goals.

Structure: the structure is the anatomy upon which the organization is developed and operated it is the fram work of responsibility authorities and communication of individual in each organization unit, from a single job division their functions and inter-relationship.

The charts: an organization chart is a diagrammatic presentation of the frame work of structure of a business

Management: this refers to process of getting things done through the use of people’s skills and talents.

Communication: it is the act of sending message from one person to another which stimulation response

Specialization: the degree to which an organization activities are divided into specialized roles.

Standardization: The degree to which an organization lays down stated roles and procedures.

Centralization: the degree to which the authority to make certain decision is allocated at the top of the management hierarchy.

Decentralization: the degree to which the authority to make certain decision is dispread among individuals at the middle and lower management level.


This project is group into five chapter, the first chapter is the introduction chapter. It give an insight introduction to the entire study.

Chapter two deals with literature review i.e. the work that have done or carried out by the some authours on the same topic which have to be reduce innovation to it.

Chapter three consists of historical background of the organization (A case study of a particular organization in Nigeria which the explanation of research methodology which carryout an observation method.

Chapter four comprises of method of data collection which is primary and secondary method of collection data.

Chapter five deals with the summary of the findings conclusion and recommendation




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